How to Propagate Jade Plant?

Getting new plants for free is one of the best things about propagation. Succulent plants like the jade plant are excellent candidates for propagation. With the correct technique, you can use your existing jade plant to provide you with many new plantlets by rooting them in soil or water.

How to grow Jade Plant from Cutting? Jade plants are easy to propagate from leaf or stem cuttings. New plants can be grown by rooting the cutting in soil or water in a warm and humid environment. The quickest method of jade plant propagation is to use stem cuttings treated with plant rooting hormone and grown in potting soil.

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Jade plants are well-known as one of the easiest plants to propagate, providing you with new plants to fill your windowsills. Because they are so easy to propagate, they will even grow rootlets from fallen leaves under the right conditions.

There are methods to help your jade plants propagate faster, and I’ll run through the best ways to ensure you get a healthy new plant from your cutting.

Can You Propagate Jade Plants From Cuttings

If you have a jade plant that is getting too big or lopsided and you want to remove some of the leaves and stems, you can grow new plants instead of throwing the cuttings away.

Jade plants are succulents that propagate incredibly easily, and you don’t even need the equipment I’ll list, though it will make the job easier and more successful.

You can also propagate jade plants from stems that have been broken off rather than pruned. A good size cutting will be around 3-4 inches of stem, but people have grown jade plants from leaves and larger stem cuttings. Propagate these in succulent potting soil for the best results.

I’ll go through how to prune your jade plant for the best size cutting, how to prepare the cutting, and what mediums you can use to help your cutting root.

If you have leaves that have fallen from your jade plant, you will also be able to propagate these, but be aware it will take longer and is a little less successful than rotting a stem cutting.

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What Do I Need To Propagate Jade Plants

It’s best to gather all your supplies beforehand, especially if you plan to take several cuttings.

While you won’t need everything on this list, and I have propagated cuttings from stems snipped with a pair of scissors and rooted in water, you will ensure a higher level of successful propagation if you have the right tools.

My suggested supplies:

  • A jade plant of decent size that you are ready to prune for cuttings
  • A good quality succulent potting soil. Should you prefer to make your own potting soil, I have listed a simple recipe at the end.
  • A selection of small pots. You can use old pots from plants that have outgrown their pots; make sure you have thoroughly cleaned them to avoid any diseases or molds attacking your new plantlets.
  • Plant clippers or a sharp knife. Clean and sterilize these beforehand.
  • Plant rooting hormone. While not essential, it helps improve the success rate of your cuttings.

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Where To Cut Jade Plant

The best place to cut your jade plant is to find a new growth stem of about 3-4 inches. Cut this as close to the main stem as possible.

Use clippers or a sharp knife that has been thoroughly cleaned and sterilized to avoid contaminating the new plantlet or the parent plant. Using new growth will help the plant root faster.

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Trim the lower leaves from the bottom of the stem. You want your plant to focus on growing new roots rather than on keeping leaves alive. You will only need to leave the top few leaves intact.

Many gardeners suggest leaving succulent cuttings to dry out a little to create a ‘callous’ on the end of the cut stem. Drying discourages the cut end from rotting. If you prefer to do this, don’t leave your cutting for more than a few days.

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Propagate Jade Plant in Succulent Potting Soil

If you are using rooting hormone, dip the lower end of the cut stem into the hormone powder so that the end is thoroughly coated. Never dip your plant straight into the rooting powder container.

Always pour some of the powder out into a small container, and dip into that. You should never return the unused powder to the original powder container, as that will introduce contamination.

When you plant your cuttings, don’t force the stem into the soil as this could damage it. Poke holes into the soil using a pencil or dowel, and gently place the cutting’s stem into the hole. Fill in any space with more potting soil.

Don’t overwater your soilThe potting soil needs to stay crumbly, or the root stem will rot. Jade plants propagate best in warm weather, so the best season to propagate cuttings is in summer, but if you have a warm, well-ventilated area like a windowsill, you can propagate at any time of year. Keep the cuttings out of direct sunlight. Mist your plant lightly if the soil seems too dry.

After a few weeks, your plant cuttings will have taken root. You can check this by very gently tugging on the plant. A rooted cutting will hold firm.

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Can You root A Jade Plant In Water

It is possible to put a cutting in a jar of water. While this is not the optimal way to propagate jade plants, many people, including myself, have had success with this method. As soon as your plant has roots, transfer it to a pot filled with well-drained succulent potting mix.

Rooting Jade Plant From A Leaf Cutting

You can still root jade plants from leaves, though you will have to do this in soil rather than water. Use a healthy leaf, and apply rooting powder to the stem-end of the leaf. Place the leaf on succulent or cactus potting soil mixture.

After a few weeks, the leaf should have produced tiny rootlets. After this occurs, repot your leaf into an appropriate mix of perlite and sand. As the leaf produces more roots and new leaflets, the original leaf will eventually wither away.

Also read, How often to water jade plant?

Succulent Potting Soil Recipe

If you would like to save money on a succulent potting mix and ensure it is well-draining, here’s a recipe to mix your own. With this mix, you can be sure the soil will not hold too much water, creating a soggy soil that will rot your cactus or succulent.

Espoma AP8 8-Quart Organic Potting Mix

You will need:

As succulents prefer sandy soil, you will improve their growing conditions by adding sand to the regular garden potting mix. Perlite will aid in soil drainage, which is essential for succulents.

Measure out 3 parts soil, 2 parts coarse sand, and 1 part perlite. 

That is:

  • 3 cups of soil
  • 2 cups of coarse sand or grit
  • 1 cup of perlite

Mix these, and you have just made your own quality succulent potting mix.

Shop Succulents | Crassula Ovata 'Jade Plant', Hand Selected for Health, Size & Readiness, 4" Pot

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Conclusion

Jade plants are hardy succulents that are extremely easy to propagate. You can propagate them from stem or leaf cuttings. The best results are achieved with stem cuttings in a succulent potting mix, treated with a rooting hormone powder. It will take a few weeks for the jade cutting to grow roots. If your soil is too moist, the cuttings will rot, so keep your soil quite dry.