Succulent Plants – Plant, Grow and Care (Detailed Guide)

If you have a garden, you get everything you want. That’s because, a garden can feed your mind, and nature can feed your soul. It can bring a part of nature into your home, introducing succulent plants that are easy to use.

Succulents have become favorites in the recent past owing to their no hassle growth conditions. This being said toxic succulents need to be avoided as these are harmful to humans. These include Kalanchoe and Euphorbia succulents. There are other succulent variants that are harmful to pets and babies and hence as a rule it is better to keep house plants out of reach of both babies as well as pets.

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What are the good succulents for

These plants, which store water in the stems and leaves, are popular for growing indoors due to their many benefits. Here are seven benefits of growing succulents at home:

Succulent Plants
Succulent Plants

#1: They can light up a home in any climate

Succulents make indoor plants so popular because of their resistance and ability to grow in a wide variety of climates. In nature, these plants can be found growing in almost any climate: from coastal cliffs and tropical forests to dry deserts and cold mountains.

In homes, they thrive in room-temperature environments. Not only do they add green to your space at any time of the year, but they also bloom in the season, spreading your home screen in color.

#2: They can help to purify the air

Plants emit water vapor, which in turn generates a pumping action that attracts contaminated air to the plant’s roots. The succulent converts these contaminants into plant-based foods, thus purifying the air in your home.                 

#3: They improve the humidity in your home

As plants release water, they can improve the humidity in your home. Increasing humidity, in turn, can improve communication about health problems, including:   

  • Sore throat
  • Common colds
  • Dry cough
  • Itching on dry skin

#4: They can add oxygen to the environment

Unlike most plants, succulents do not release carbon dioxide at night. Instead, they continue to produce oxygen. This continuous burst of oxygen refreshes the air in your home and improves your breathing, assuming, of course, that you are not allergic to plants.

It is a good idea to plant plants in rooms where you feel you need some fresh air, such as in bathrooms or in the kitchen.

Read Plants and Trees That Release Oxygen During the Night

#5: They can improve your focus

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that 11% of American children have ADHD. Many adults and children also have less serious problems with attention.

But, as Richard Louv describes in his 2005 book Last Child in the Woods, which introduced the concept of natural deficit disorder, regular exposure to nature, even in the form of houseplants, can help children focus better.       

#6: They can increase pain tolerance

It may seem absurd to suggest that the mere presence of a plant may contain its pain, but the idea has gained some support from the University of Kansas research in horticultural therapy.

This research found that patients seemed to need fewer painkillers when they had plants in their hospital rooms. 

#7: Improve memory

Psychology research at the University of Michigan reveals many cognitive benefits for interacting with nature, that means walking in a park, growing plants at home, or even seeing photos of flora. In fact, memory retention showed an improvement of up to 20% after subjects spent an hour in nature.

Improved memory retention leads to better performance at work and at school; therefore, it is a great idea to put succulents in your study or library, in your home office, or in any room where your kids usually do their homework.

Toxic Succulents

Succulents are popular house plants found in almost every household in the US. These plants make great gifts and their popularity is due to the fact that they are easy to maintain and care for.

The internet is flooded with information on toxic succulents, and questions along the lines of are succulents poisonous or are succulents poisonous to cats or are succulents poisonous to dogs.

Succulent refers to any plant that stores water in its leaves or stems or in some cases both. This gives it a swollen fleshy look. Most succulents do not harm animals or humans if ingested. But there are few toxic succulent varieties or poisonous succulents that you need to be aware of.

Aloe plant

The Aloe Plant is the most common succulent found in most houses. Known for its medicinal and beauty applications. Most variants of the aloe plant are good for humans but some variants can be toxic for pets.

Saponins and anthraquinones found in the aloe plant can cause diarrhoea, vomiting, and lethargy. These symptoms are seen when the cat/dog ingests it. the color of the urine will also change to red.


The succulents that can be classified under the euphorbia family, like pencil cactus are known to be poisonous. These plants contain a white sap that irritates the skin. This is true for humans as well as animals as it causes a rash.

If ingested it can cause vomiting. so if you are wondering is pencil cactus toxic to cats? the answer is yes. your furry friend can get sick ingest this plant.


Jade, also known as baby jade, dwarf rubber plant, Japanese rubber plant, Chinese rubber plant, or jade tree is poisonous to cats and dogs. Ingesting it can cause signs like vomiting, incoordination, and depression in animals.  

 The Chinese jade or Silver Jade Plant on the other hand can cause vomiting, upset stomach, and tremors. Cats on the other hand may show signs of drunkenness if they ingest this plant. 

Are succulents poisonous?

Not all succulents are poisonous. Some variants of this plant can cause itching and a rash to appear when it comes in contact with the skin. The case is different for animals.

If your pet ingests a part of this plant or attempts to chew on it, there can be varied symptoms depending on the variant. in some cases, both cats and dogs can experience diarrhea, vomiting and upset stomach, drunken feeling or nausea, and red urine.

If you notice these symptoms it is best to call your vet immediately. so if you are wondering are succulents poisonous to cats? we can say that a few variants can cause symptoms but don’t worry they are easily treated and won’t last long.

How do you Take Care of Succulent Plants Outdoor   

Succulents have a reputation for being homely people. Charming on the shelves and perfect on the windowsills, they are often considered houseplants. But succulents can also make great additions to outdoor gardens.

You can grow succulents outdoors in almost any environment, “If you live in colder parts of the country, you need a little more planning and rotation.”           

Succulents thrive in a variety of pots. Those who live exclusively in closed environments can occupy almost any type of boat, from teapots to terrariums, as long as the amount of water is carefully regulated.

However, when outdoors, succulents can be soaked in heavy rain. For this reason, it is important to use vessels with drainage holes.

Terracotta pots are ideal, as they naturally remove moisture from the soil. Succulents should be placed in pots in a light, succulent mixture of soil that allows for optimal drainage.         

For all the benefits of potting, if you live in an always hot climate, consider planting some of your succulents in the garden. As desert natives, they tolerate extreme weather better than most plants and are an easy way to reduce unnecessary water use.

When planting succulents in the ground, it is important to provide them with well-drained soil that prevents root rot. Before planting, create a 15 cm pile with a mixture of light and specific soil for succulents. So plant your succulent on this hill.

When planting succulents that like expansion, like chickens and chicks, leave enough space between the plants. These small plants spread generously as they mature. Once on the bed, succulents need little care.

During an extreme drought or heat, consider watering if the leaves start to wilt. But remember that thirsty succulents are better than soggy succulents. “If in doubt, if you ask if you need water, it is better to make a mistake by not wetting your succulents,” says Hugo.  

As with succulents planted on the ground, succulents in pots that live outdoors rarely need watering. However, if it is too hot or dry, check with your plants.

Are the sheets wrinkled? Does the floor look dusty? In that case, they probably need a drink. While it is true that most succulents enjoy a lot of sunlight, some do better in the sun or partial shade.

Make sure that the succulents in your pot have similar light requirements and keep them in a part of the yard that best suits them.

Are succulents toxic to cats?

Are you one of those plant lovers and cat owners that are always doubting whether the plants they own are safe for their fur buddies? or are you constantly wondering are succulents toxic for cats. A simple answer to all these apprehensions about purchasing and caring for succulents is that their toxicity depends on the variant.

There are some variants that are toxic to cats while others are not. We suggest you do your homework before getting a succulent with cats around.

How often do you water succulents

How often do you water succulents? Succulents are generally native to areas where the soil drains quickly and water is heavy but rare. Think of cacti (a subcategory of succulents) in the desert … They receive flash floods of water, with storms lasting 24 to 28 hours, followed by weeks without water.

The best way to water succulents is with the “soak and dry” method. Soak the soil thoroughly and then allow it to dry completely before re-watering. And make sure that the succulents are in well-drained soil in a pot with a drain hole(more on that in a minute).

For indoor succulents, it is usually best if the water does not reach the leaves. If you sit on a leaf for a long time, it can rot. Use a small spout watering can or a compression bottle. This is not an issue for the succulent plants outdoors, because there is more airflow and water dry faster.

If possible, just pour water on the soil around the succulents until it is completely soaked. Do not water your succulents again until the soil is dry, from the top of the pot to the bottom.

Succulents do not like to sit on moist soil for more than 2-3 days. Succulents should be watered only when the soil has dried completely. There is one programming watering universal that works for all succulent plants in all climates.

Many indoor succulent producers find that watering 10 – 14 days is a good frequency to keep their succulents alive. Use this timeline as a starting point and adjust it as needed.          

Since most succulents are very prone to rot with frequent watering, it is best to wait for a sign of succulent before watering.

How do you take care of succulent plants

Now, let us see how to take care of succulent plants.

grow Succulent Plants tips

#1: Make sure your succulents have enough light     

Succulents love light and need about six hours of sunshine a day, depending on the type of succulent.

#2: Rotate succulent plants frequently     

Succulents love direct sunlight, but if yours is in the same place day after day, it is likely that only one side will receive enough light. Langton and Ray suggest rotating the plant frequently.

As succulents lean towards the sun, turning them will help them stay straight. (Leaning over can also be a sign that they need to be in a sunnier location.)

#3: Water according to the season

Like us, succulents need more energy when they are growing. During spring and summer, plants thrive and drink much more water than when resting in autumn and winter.

Langton and Ray recommend testing the soil with one finger; when the top 1.25 cm is dry, pick up your watering can. The irrigation excess can kill juicy, so be sure to let the soil dry out between watering. 

#4: Water the soil directly

When you water your succulent plants, soak the soil until the water drain from holes drainage. (If your container has no drainage holes, use less water.) Do not use a spray bottle to wet your succulents; fogging can cause brittle roots and moldy leaves.

You can also place pots in a pot of water and allow water to be absorbed through the drain hole. After the top of the soil is moist, remove it from the pot.

#5: Keep succulents clean     

“Inevitably, your houseplants gradually collect dust on the surface, which can inhibit growth,” write Langton and Ray. Wipe the leaves and thorns gently with a damp cloth (use a soft brush to reach hard-to-reach places).

#6: Choose a container with a drain  

Succulents don’t like to sit in flooded soil, so drainage is important to prevent rot. Your container must have a drainage hole to allow excess water to escape. Terracotta pots are ideal for beginners. 

#7: Plant succulents in the right soil     

Succulents need soil that drains so that regular potting soil or garden soil does not work. Choose cactus soil or mix the potting soil with sand, pumice or perlite. The roots succulents are very fragile, so they should be soft to the transplant.    

#8: Get rid of mistakes 

Pests shouldn’t be a problem for succulent interiors, but occasionally you may have to deal with insects. Mosquitoes are attracted to succulent plants planted in very moist soil and without an adequate drain. To get rid of eggs and larvae, spray the soil with 70% isopropyl alcohol.

The insects they eat are another pest that succulent owners have to deal with. Excessive irrigation and excessive fertilization are the most common causes of floury insect.

Move the infected plants to other succulents and spray with 70% isopropyl alcohol.

#9- Fertilize succulents in summer          

Succulents don’t need much fertilizer, but you can feed them lightly during the spring and summer growing season. Be careful not to fertilize in excess, this can cause juicy growth very fast and weak.

Do succulents need Sun

When succulents are indoors, it is often difficult for them to get enough sunlight. Outside, they usually need about 6 hours of indirect sunlight a day.

However, indoors, you should place your succulents near a window that receives light all day. If that is not an option, place your succulents near the brightest window or the brightest area of ​​your home or office.

The newly planted succulent plant can burn to direct sunlight and can be gradually exposed to full sun or provide shade with a transparent curtain.

Are succulents good for bedroom     

Five reasons why succulents are good for the bedroom:

  • They help to breathe: During the process of photosynthesis, plants release oxygen; however, at night, most plants breathe like humans, releasing carbon dioxide. Succulents and some other plants, such as orchids and areca palms, continue to produce oxygen during the night. Keep these plants in the room to get an extra boost of fresh air while sleeping, which will result in a better night’s sleep.   
  • They purify the air: Succulents, like snake plants and aloe vera, are excellent for cleaning the air and removing toxins. NASA research found that they are capable of removing 87% of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). These decks are very useful in bedroom and study environments.          
  • They help prevent disease: About 10% of the humidity in the atmosphere is water released by plants. The same applies to your home, how many more plants have, especially in groups, the better you can improve the humidity in your room that can prevent dry skin, colds, sore throat, and dry cough.
  • Help you to Focus: Several studies by students and workers have found that concentration, attention, and brain skills improve when studying or working with plants in the room. A University of Michigan study found that memory retention improved by up to 20% when plants were present. Small, succulent plants are especially beneficial in the bedroom, as they do not take up much space on your table.      
  • They help a faster recovery: Succulents can help to reduce flu-like symptoms, headaches, fever, and cough. According to researchers at Kansas State University, patients hospitalized with plants in their rooms needed fewer painkillers, had lower blood pressure and heart rate, and experienced less fatigue and anxiety.

The succulents are good luck      

A lucky accountant in Egypt and/or Feng Shui professionals who find themselves in this type of belief, a succulent plant is a great way to attract positive elements that translate into something positive as well.

However, not all succulents can bring luck, according to Feng Shui. Prickly succulents should not be placed indoors, as they bring more misfortune than luck.

For example, when you put the succulent and prickly plant in the kitchen area, it gives your food a bad taste and you lose your appetite. Also avoid placing prickly succulents in front of the door, as they symbolize the separation between you and your loved ones.

If you are a businessman, avoid having a succulent plant with thorns on your desk to avoid losing customers and business partners. Also, do not place this type of succulent in any space in the room, as this can cause privacy problems.

However, the good news is that there are succulents that bring financial success. The best succulent plant that attracts prosperity according to Feng Shui is the jade plant. It is said that the jade plant is a perfect choice for financial success.

Do succulents grow bigger   

Do succulents grow bigger? Different species have different growth sizes. If you choose giant succulent plants, raise your expectations as they can reach 40 feet in height and you don’t want your home to look like a forest. If you choose to grow a mini succulent, it will remain small.

Do succulents grow bigger

Fast-growing succulents will grow to a large size in just a month. You will notice that the size increases by at least four months. These fast-growing plants include Irish rose, chicken and chicks (Echeveria sp.), Gummy plant (Sedum rubrotinctum ), jade plant (Crassula sp.), Haworthia (Haworthia sp.), Lavender scallops (Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi), Aloe Vera (Aloe Vera), Button Chain (Crassula perforata) and Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera sp.).                     

Slow-growing plants give the impression of not growing. Examples of these indoor plants are: wrinkled leaf plant (Adromischus cristatus), live stones (Lithops sp.), Air plants (Tillandsia sp.) And barrel cactus (Ferocactus sp.)

Indoor succulents are prone to larger, taller leaves. Sunlight as one of the essential ingredients in the growth of succulent plants determines the height of the plant.

With the right sunlight, we can avoid this unwanted height of your succulents. It is important to always consider what is best for your plant.

The size also depends on the pot being used. As a producer, you have the power to control the size of your plant. If you don’t want your succulents to grow more or less, always cut the new seedlings. Cuttings can also be planted in new pots to grow a new species of succulent plants.

The succulents can grow in low light

When we think of succulents, images of vast desert landscapes come to mind. It also means a lot, a lot of sunlight. So, do succulents grow bigger in low light?

However, succulents are a very diverse group of plants, not exclusively linked to deserts. You would be surprised where the succulents can live. For example, succulent epiphytes, like Christmas cacti, live on branches of large trees.

Among other things, there is the lack of light caused by a canopy that is usually massive over an epiphytic plant. Yes, in the diverse world of succulents, there are those who are surprisingly tolerant of low light conditions. And in their beauty and attractiveness, they are not far behind their sun-loving cousins.

But first, let’s point out that “low light” does not mean “without light”. All plants need light to carry out the photosynthesis they feed on. For a plant, low light means not being directly exposed to sunlight.

For example, a place in the opposite corner of a well-lit room. If you are looking to the north, even a spot near the window can count as a spot in low light.

In a windowless room (for example, a bathroom), you will need to provide growth light, even for a plant if it lends itself to low light conditions. Now that we’ve got you out of the way, let’s explore the strange and wonderful kingdom of succulents in low light.

Benefits of succulents in the office

Plants are considered a nuisance in the office as maintaining them is seen as a lot of effort. This is why most offices in the US are choosing succulents over other house or office plants.

The reason is simple these plants are low maintenance and great to have around. In this section, we have enlisted the benefits of succulents in the office.

Improves the air quality

As most plants do, succulents are known to improve the quality of the air in the space they are planted in. these plants store water in their leaves and produce oxygen all day.

The best part about succulents is that some variants are able to produce oxygen at night as well. Making them great for offices that operate on a 24/7 roster. Pure air means better concentration and less fatigue.

Succulents keep your office healthy

The more succulents you have in your office the better. These plants balance the humidity in the office and hence preventing dry skin, cold, sore throat and dry coughs. Research has proved that succulents boost the morale in the office and reduce illnesses.

Provides greater concentration

With more oxygen in the room and people falling ill less often the productivity is bound to go up. succulents help in bettering concentration and reduce stress.  

Top succulents in low light

  • Aloe
  • Gasteria
  • Haworthia
  • Echeverias
  • Rhipsalis
  • Schlumbergera
  • Kalanchoe
  • Pit
  • Sansevieria (snake plant) 
  • Haselbergii parody (scarlet cactus)   
  • Beaucarnea Recurvata (horsetail palm)   
  • Rebutia

Most people associate succulent gardening with the southwestern part of the country. This is for good reason. Most succulents, with the exception of chickens and chicks, are not as resistant to climate change.

Can succulents be planted outside

Can succulents be planted outside? Yes! You can plant your favorite succulents in your garden this year. Here are some succulents to plant outdoors that will keep your garden in style:       

  • Echeveria
  • Chickens and Chicks
  • Stonecrop
  • Pigmyweeds
  • Agave
  • Haworthia
  • Aeonium
  • Senecio

For these succulents to thrive, you must take good care of them. Here are some tips to help your succulent plant to grow outside. lets look at how to take care of succulent plants outside or outdoors   

#1: Be aware of the weather

Succulents do better in good weather, neither too hot nor too cold. That is why some owners choose to plant their succulents in container gardens so that they can be brought into the house when it is too cold or too hot.

If you plan to do this, it is a good idea to soften your plant outdoors in the shade before placing it in the sunlight, to have time to adjust to the elements.     

#2: Provide shade

Contrary to popular belief, there are some succulent plants that cannot cope with the sun. Succulents that do not need full sun can burn due to too much exposure.

Although most need sun for most of the day, it is recommended to shade your succulents. Here are the succulents that need shade to survive:

  • Lace Aloe
  • Chickens and Chicks   
  • Painted Ladies
  • Aeoniums

#3: Water as needed

One of the reasons homeowners are attracted to succulents, both indoors and outdoors, is ease of maintenance and irrigation. If you have your succulents in a container garden, you will want to completely absorb the soil.

Then do not water again until the soil is dry. Depending on your climate, this can take approximately two or three days, or even longer.     

#4: Transplant with caution

In colder climates, it is advisable to take your succulents indoors when it is cold. Most succulents cannot stand cold weather. You can do this easily by transplanting the succulents you have in pots.   

#5: Provide drainage for containers   

If you are planting your succulents in external containers or moving them indoors to avoid a cold winter, drainage should be your biggest concern. As I mentioned earlier, a great way to ensure proper drainage is to add stones to the bottom of your container first. 

For outdoor containers, make sure the pot you are using has a hole in the bottom, to prevent the succulents from over-watering themselves. You may want to place a pot or “feet” to lift the container and allow the water to escape. Indoors, you will want to place a plate underneath to catch the excess water.   

#6: Make room for them

Succulents are a versatile part of the garden. However, they are slower to grow and must be spaced precisely with other succulent plants to grow and not grow. I advise you not to place your succulent next to a flower in your garden, as they grow at different rates and have different watering needs.    

The succulents can live in the office light

Yes. Succulents and cacti can grow in the office or in low light. However, growing succulents in the office or in low light has its own challenges.

Here are the top three things to keep in mind when growing succulents in the light of the office:

  • Keep the succulents on the dry side. Not on the water. 
  • Provide a well-draining potting mix.
  • Provide adequate lighting (natural or artificial light).

How do you take care of succulents in the summer

There is more sunlight out there in the summer, too much heat or sunlight can burn your succulents. In addition, there is no doubt that succulents grown outdoors are usually cheaper than those grown indoors.

Obviously, there is more sunlight and better airflow outdoors, creating ideal growing conditions for these plants.

Move your succulents to a fully shaded area and then gradually move them to a location with more sunlight. Remember that larger succulents, with strong roots, can tolerate exposure to the sun for a long time, but keep these freshly planted vegetables in a shaded place for longer. For succulents, keep them exposed to the sun for one to two hours a week.

In addition, the morning sun is best for them to bloom, especially on hot days. Remove all succulents indoors during the summer, but watch for signs of sunburn, including discoloration or discoloration. 

Where is the best place to grow succulents

Most succulents prefer at least 6 hours of sun a day, so try to place them near a window facing south or east in your office or in your home. You may notice that your succulents are prickly or spread out into the light if they don’t get enough sun.          

Succulents do best in a sunny location on very well-drained soil. Its fleshy leaves are designed to store water, so they can handle periods of drought. Most prefer slightly acidic soil.   

Succulents will find it difficult to grow in poorly drained and heavy soils. A cold, rainy winter will often see the loss of many. That is why they are ideal for containers. They are much less likely to fill with water in the winter and, in particularly humid areas, can hide secretly in the spring.     

Are Succulents Indoor or Outdoor

Are Succulents Indoor or Outdoor? There is a wide variety of succulent plants and some of them work well indoors and others outdoors. A lot can depend on where you live and how the weather is.

Remember that succulents do not want too much moisture and are unlikely to thrive as well in very humid areas as in dry, hot, arid climates so that they can be planted indoors and outdoor.     

Do succulents need special soil

Do succulents need special soil? Succulents grow best on porous sand soil, so it is very important to change the soil with sand. You can use any type of sand, but to ensure the succulent plants drain quickly, experts recommend buying a coarse sand rat that really adjusts things.

Obviously, don’t use sand from the garden, the beach, or a sandbox (you never know what unpleasant surprises there will be in that sand).

Do succulents have leaves or petals?

Do succulents have leaves or petals? In botany, succulent plants, also known as succulents, are plants with thickened, fleshy, and congested parts, usually to retain water in arid climates or under soil conditions.

The word succulent comes from the Latin word sucus, which means ‘juice’ or ‘sap’. Succulent plants are plants resistant to drought, in which the leaves, stems, or roots become more plump than normal due to the development of tissue that stores water.

Can you plant succulents on the rocks

Can you plant succulents on the rocks? Gravel, stones, and pebbles cannot support the growth of plants alone, as they do not have what the plants need.

The ideal soil for succulents is well-drained. As a result, most gardeners have created the practice of adding stones or gravel to the pot mix.

These are commonly known as potting pebbles. Rocks and gravel are mainly used to encapsulate succulent plants to improve drainage. Placing stones at the bottom of the pot improves drainage and prevents root rot. Succulents and cacti grow naturally in fast-draining sandy soils and their roots should never be left in moist soil. 

The rocks help to move water through the soil quickly so that the soil remains well-drained. In addition, the use of rocks and stones in the soil can improve the aesthetic appeal of your succulents. If you’ve seen one of these, you’ll know that they are creative and beautiful.

The succulents are poisonous to cats

Many succulents of the genus euphorbia, such as the pencil cactus and the crown of thorns, are known to be poisonous to cats and dogs. Symptoms of intoxication from ingesting this juicy range, from gastrointestinal discomfort to skin and eye irritation.

If you have pets, it is best to avoid plants of the genus euphorbia, including poisonous poinsettia.

Toxic succulents for cats and dogs

  • Jade plant (Crassula argentea)     
  • Aloe (Aloe vera)   
  • Violin sheet (Philodendron bipennifolium)   
  • Snake plant (Sansevieria trifasciata)     
  • Kalanchoe species 

Which compost is best for succulents?

Experts recommend the use of a general standard mixture of general-purpose compounds and the addition of 30% to 40% by volume of drainage media in the form of sand, sand or perlite. This will provide a free-draining soil mix that is very important to the health of your succulents. The Succulent Compost Mix is ​​perfectly designed for succulents.

Compost with 60% to 70%, add 6 to 7 parts. Grit, perlite, sand, or a mixture of the three to make 30% to 40% so as to add up to 3 to 4 parts. This mixture is best for succulents.

Without adequate drainage, your succulent plants can suffer rot and root problems, especially in the winter months. Always check that the drain holes are not blocked.

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