How to start a small vegetable garden in my balcony

Many of you might be having a small or rather medium-sized balcony in your apartments. All your unused tools and other machines are kept there making a completely useless area in your home. But you can turn this around and make it a rather very useful space. This guide will help you to start a small vegetable garden on your balcony.

How to start a small vegetable garden on my balcony? Follow the below 5 easy steps to start a small vegetable garden on your balcony:

  • Step 1: Set up the right space
  • Step 2: Choose the perfect Pot or Container
  • Step 3: Select the Plants for Vegetable Garden
  • Step 4: Lay down the Soil Bed
  • Step 5: Watering the Plant Accurately

Well, unlike flowers and other plants, growing edible plants or vegetables needs different resources and also requires proper care as well. You can simply plant and leave them as it is. To get proper growth and edible vegetables the plants will need ample sunlight, water, fertilizer, and other necessities for healthy growth.

Here are the steps that you should follow and take care of while starting a vegetable garden.

Steps to Start a small vegetable garden in your balcony

Below are the steps to start a small vegetable garden on your balcony.

Step 1: Set up the right space

So, before we get on with the right kind of plant that you can grow as a beginner in your balcony garden. Firstly, you need to set up space where you will be putting the pots or the containers. Clear up the space to place your pots so that they can have ample sunlight throughout the day. 

Unlike other flowers and plants, vegetables or even herbs would need a good amount of sunlight. You can do this by observing your balcony area and mark the spots that get the best sunlight the entire day. You can simply put the pots on the marked spot and start with the other steps and plantation the next day.

>> Buy Wood Plant Stand for Your Balcony from Amazon <<

Step 2: Choose the perfect Pot or Container

Next up, once we have selected our spot to plant the vegetables, we can now move on to choosing a good pot to grow them. The best part of a vegetable garden is that you can grow such plants in any kind of container you would think of. It can be a small or large pot, a wooden box, bottles, wooden containers, hanging baskets, etc. The only thing that you need to be concerned about is that the base of these containers should be well set.

While a lot of people have created a vertical garden to save space and grow more such plants. We would recommend you not directly go for a vertical garden and rather stick to the one we are describing. If you are a beginner, it is needed to start from the basics, and after 4-5 months you can start your own balcony garden.

start a small vegetable garden in my balcony

>> Buy Wood Plant Stand for Your Balcony from Amazon <<

Step 3: Select Plants for Vegetable Garden

Here we are going to look for some of the most basic vegetable garden plants that you can start with as a beginner or anyone else. Some of you might be looking to start with herbs which is an excellent option as you can use them in your kitchen every single day. But make sure your selection is based on what your balcony has in terms of sunlight.

For herbs, anything between 3-4 hours of sunlight will be sufficient, while for vegetables you will need 5-6 hours of sunlight for good growth. You can go with these plants or seeds to grow.


Firstly, there are multiple varieties of herbs that you can grow and are very easy to care for. Here is the list of some herbs to begin with.

How to start a small vegetable garden in my balcony

These are only a few of the many such herbs that are very beneficial for you. In fact, you can grow all these herbs in a single wooden container with a good amount of soil by placing all the herbs together but apart.


Secondly, we have the vegetables which you sound very thrilled to grow on your small balcony. You need not go for growing potatoes or any such thing. Choose the very simple ones that would need good sunlight capabilities.

These are the most commonly grown vegetables anyone can grow very easily. In fact, you can choose pepper, cucumber, lemon, etc. But some of these will need special attention and also the right side of the pot. Make sure to not plant a lot of seeds into a single pot, you can start with only a few as the plants grow very densely.

start a small vegetable garden

Step 4: Lay down the Soil Bed

I guess you may have now selected your choice of plant or vegetable by now. Also, make sure you do not pick up tens of these plants to sow. Rather start with only 3-4 of them so that it is easier for you to handle them.

Next up, we will lay down the soil bed for your plants in the pot. Now, you can simply get the soil mixture from the source you have got your seeds or seedlings. Or you can create your own mixture. The right soil contains a mix of compost, organic manure, and the right nutrients that are added. If not simply ask any gardeners who may have been working on such a thing for a while now.

Once you have got the right soil, simply put your gloves on and start filling up your pots or containers. Make sure to even the layers of soil so that there are no spots left in between. Once done you can plant the seeds or the seedlings and turn them over to watering them.

Step 5: Watering the Plant Accurately

Watering the plants may seem pretty basic for everyone. But this too needs proper care and thought over. Yes, while you are planting them initially. Simply put on ample water so that the water seeps through and does not accumulate. Speaking of everyday processes, every plant needs a good amount of water.

So, be it herbs or vegetables, make sure to water them in the morning before 12 PM. This will allow plants to absorb as much water is needed for them to grow and the excess will evaporate.

Do not ever overwater the plants, you would not want the roots to rot because of it. If the water does not seep in between the soil it may accumulate and also lead to rotting.

As we have already said before, rainwater is always the best option and most natural form. You can choose to collect the rainwater and provide them to the plants. Or else the next best option is your regular tap water. If you are not too sure, fill a bucket of tap water, leave it open for a few hours and then provide it to the plants.

Final Thoughts

Starting a vegetable or kitchen garden isn’t a big task but needs a good understanding overall. All these tips are very important and you need to follow each one of them to make sure you do not miss out on anything. Either be it herbs or small vegetables you can pick out anything. It will take at least 20-25 days for the seeds to become small plants after which the vegetables may start growing.

Till then don’t lose hope as it does take time. Keep watering them and also make sure to protect them from windy days. Herbs are rather faster to grow and you can pluck them as soon as they grow. Wash them carefully with warm water and use it in the food you prepare.

Enjoy the amazing green leafy vegetables for your salad and make delicious homegrown vegetables. I hope this will help to start a small vegetable garden on the balcony.