There are many plants that grow in water and are known as hydrophytes or macrophytes. They are not like algae rather are proper plants that also bear flowers and are floating plants or submerged plants or emergent plants. You can create a pond set up for your garden that will add beauty to your garden and will give you a fresh spot to enjoy. We have created a list of best pond flowers and plants that you can check out and create your own pond.
You can create a pond set up in some container and even in the garden ground. To add to the beauty you can set up a fountain in the pond garden that will give you a soothing effect in the garden set up. You can add drainage to the pond so as to keep changing the stagnant water.
Adding taps to the setup can also be useful for the regular changing of water. However if not you can still manage to do some other things to keep it going.
Categories of Pond plants
Pond flowers and plants are found in different categories and types. There are a plethora of varieties of plants in all the categories. You can choose the varieties of plants to grow depending upon the category of pond plants like:
#1: Deep water plants
These are plants that grow the best in deep waters. You can plant them in pots and containers and place them in the bottom of the pond. The leaves of the plants may float on the surface or can even emerge in water depending upon the height. Also, they can have some water above their crown.
These plants adapt to the deepwater conditions and hence are different from others that may require good sunlight oxygen level etc the deficit of which might kill other plants, but these deep water plants do well even in the dark surface where sunlight cant penetrate.
They may have smaller leaves and even some might have no leaves depending on the variety of plants.
#2: Submerged Plants
These plant types are in totality and entirely submerged inside water. They may have their roots in the bottom of the pond or may even be planted in pots placed on shelves but in any scenario, they are always submerged inside water. Water provides structure and physical support to these plants.
These submerged plants should be grown to match your requirement to feel pleasant and beautiful rather than overcrowded that may become undesirable later.
#3: Floating Plants
These are multiple pond flowers and plants that float on water. They don’t need soil to grow unlike most plants and their nutrient requirement is made from the water itself and trail off in the water. The plants have hair like roots floating in the water and are not attached to the surface or bottom of the pond.
They are very much modest plants that are not very demanding in nature. If you have small fishes in your pond, the roots of the floating plants provide shelter to them.
And also floating plants float on the surface of the water so they prevent light from penetrating to the bottom of the pond. This can be good for fishes and plants that prefer low light and can be a little obstructing for the ones that require the presence of light underwater.
#4: Marginal Plants
These are pond flowers and plants that float in water and their roots are in the soil at the bottom of the pond. These plants grow on the edges or margins of the pond. They can be growing individually and can also grow by softening the rocks at the margins of the pond providing a beautiful contrast of green color leaves growing on gray colored rocks.
Some marginal plants have the roots soil and crown underwater and some even have the lower part of their leaves underwater as well. Marginal plants grow well in waterlogged soil.
#5: Bog Plants
These types of plants are the ones that need wetter conditions to thrive in. The roots of bog plants grow underwater and the foliage part emerges. Bog plants also are known as marsh plants that thrive around the pond and are not fully submerged in the water.
These plants provide a variety of colors, height, and interest to the pond setup. They will grow very well in the area of the pond or ground that is damp but are not waterlogged permanently. They grow best during the spring season and can be directly planted in soil.
Types of Pond Flowers and Plants
Depending on the kind of pond plants, the zone of America you live in, and the climatic conditions of your location or according to your preference some pond flowers and plants to choose from are:-
#1: Water lilies
Also known as Nymphaea spp. Is a kind of deep to medium water pond plant with a look like lotus flowers to some extent. They come in over 40 varieties with a large spectrum of colors like red white indigo violet yellow green etc. with lots of shades in between them. The size of the flowers may range from 2 inches to 12 inches.
The leaves however grow from 2 inches to 6 feet. They are mostly floating and are round-shaped leaves. Some types of plants have a fragrance to it in addition to its beauty. You can grow them in shallow ponds to also deep plants and from large ponds to even smaller ones.
#2: Blue Iris
These are one of the first flowers that bloom in spring. These aquatic iris are beautiful and add to the splendor of your plant. There are hundreds of varieties of blue iris. The Blue flag iris can grow up to four feet tall. It is a marginal plant
In order to place them in the pond, there are two scenarios. If your pond is deep you can add shelves in the pond and then keep the pot of blue iris on it or if the pond is shallow you can simply place them in the bottom of the plant and that should be good enough depth and you can also add bricks in the bottom.
The idea is that the plant should not get totally submerged in water. Planting these plants in the pond gives it a colorful look and makes it furthermore soothing.
#3: Pitcher Plants
It is a type of bog pond plant that is a native of America. They are exotic plants and are carnivores in nature and they have tunnels and tubes that trap insects and small animals. There are many varieties of these plants and it depends on which ones are good for growing indoors and which ones are good for growing outdoors.
So you must choose accordingly depending upon whether you want to set up a pond indoors or outdoors. Other things that you should know before choosing the variety of pitcher plant is what species are native to your zone or location and whether they have adaptability towards the climate of your location.
The soil required to grow pitcher plants need not be very rich organically in nutrients but such that drains well. The pot size can vary and you can always choose a small pot and there is not a problem in that. They can do well in the margins of ponds where they can get a sunlight requirement of full sunlight to light shade.
#4: Water Lettuce
Water lettuce is also known as Pistia stratiotes and is a perennial evergreen plant. They are leafy floating plants for ponds that float on the surface of the water making colonies and are green to gray in color. They are 1 to 6 inches long. They are called lettuce because they are leaves that are velvety and look like the heads of lettuce.
They have hanging roots in water which can be a good place for fishes if you were interested in adding fishes to your pond setup. The soil requirement for water lettuce can be a potting mix of moist loamy soil and sandy soil. They are good for adding in ponds since they prevent algae growth in water by using up the nutrients that algae would require to grow.
#5: Mosaic plant
This is an example of a floating or Bog plant. They grow in the form of round clusters of leaves and are generally red and green in color. They are called mosaic plants because the leaves are diamond-shaped and they grow from a radius in the center that forms a mosaic-like pattern that floats on the surface of the water. During summer seasons the plant also produces a sunny yellow colored cup-shaped flower.
The plant has a sun requirement of full sun to partial shade and the water requirement of the plant is that it should not be alkaline, which means the pH level should not be above 8. You can plant them on shelves in the pond. When the leaves start turning yellow or brown it would be wise to remove and prune them for good maintenance.
#6: Creeping Jenny pond plant
They are an excellent plant choice for growing pond flowers and plants. They can be used as ground covers but grow the best in ponds. It has round and shiny chartreuse leaves that clasps to both sides of the stem and creates a kind of chain of beautiful shiny leaves along the rocks in the pond.
During summers small flowers, mostly yellow in color, grow throughout. They are marginal plants and have a moist soil requirement or they can even grow in water. They grow up to 2 inches tall and they soften the rocks on the sides of the pond and also create a great look of bright green leaves in contrast to gray colored rocks.
#7: Pickerel pond plants
Pickerel pond plants are native plants of America and bear blue colored spiky flowers throughout summer and fall. These plants are linked to the family of grass or Pontederia. They are semi-aquatic plants and you can plant them in pots that can be placed inside the plants. This will prevent the plant from spreading too much. The plants have soil requirements that are rich in heavy and loamy soil.
They have heart-shaped glossy leaves that are dark green in color which grows from 24 to 30 inches in height. The spiked flowers have the color spectrum from soft to dark blue and they usually grow some inches above the actual rush of the plant.
These plants add to the beauty of the pond by adding color to the pond. Also, it can be a good place for fishes to enjoy if you are thinking about adding some fishes to your pond. These plants also prevent the growth of algae.
#8: Horsetail pond plants
They are perennial plants in America and are also called Equisetum hyemale and scouring rush because it has high amounts of silica in its evergreen stems. They don’t bear flowers and leaves unlike other plants, rather they have bamboo-like stems.
The soil requirement of this plant is very versatile and can be grown in bogs, ditches, floodplains, swamps, marshes, and such wet areas that have at least 4 inches of water but the plant should not be totally submerged in the water rather be in moist soil conditions.
The sunlight needed by this plant may be from full sun to partial shade. They have the potential to grow up to a height of 4 to 6 feet tall and are fast-growing and also have very low maintenance requirements.
They provide beauty and texture to the pond setup by growing vertically giving it an ornamental look and architectural presence.
Papyrus also is known as an umbrella plant or bulrush comes from the genus of Cyperus. They are annual half-hardy perennial plants being marginal and bog categories that come in large varieties and you can choose the type according to the zone of America you live in but it mainly likes warm temperatures that are moist.
The name of this plant is an umbrella plant because it is like grass and spreads the foliage on the top of the stem and the leaves are like they radiate out like an umbrella.
They can grow up to 10 feet tall in moist soil and ponds and can be grown from rhizomes. Their stems are triangular in shape and they contain a white sap like pith inside that is used for making papyrus paper.
They require sunlight from full to partial sunlight and also they can’t tolerate frosts so it is recommended that if you have grown them outdoors it is better to shift them indoors during frost season.
#10: Marsh Marigold
These plants are marginal perennial plants that are native to North America and Canada and are not really marigolds. The genus name of this plant is Caltha that comes from a Latin word calendula which means a plant that has yellow flowers and is also commonly known as king cup and cowslip.
The stem of the plants is hollow and has thick glossy leaves that are round or kidney-shaped and may grow up to 7 inches large. The plant can grow up to a height of 12 to 18 inches.
The flowers of marsh marigold look like buttercups and are primarily yellow in color and they transform into fruits called follicles which later ripe and turn brown and seeds are dispersed through them. The sunlight needs of the plant may vary from bright sunlight to partial shade but for the abundant blooming of flowers, full sunlight will be good.
This plant grows well in boggy, rich, and moist soil. You can prune the dead and dried leaves.
Should I put rocks in my pond?
If you are looking to add fish to your pond along with the plants or the flowers you are planting, you may need to take care of certain things.
Fish do produce waste along with the food that they eat. All the waste can get stored at the bottom of the pond thus making it dirty and non-living.
Hence you can simply put rocks at the bottom. This will allow the waste or the dirt to deposit on the rocks than the surface below.
How do you naturally clear a pond?
If you have finally thought of building a pond in your garden with some of the best flowers and plants, you may have to keep it clean so that the plants can grow efficiently. There are multiple things that you can follow to maintain the pond in its best state.
You can choose to install an aerator that keeps the flow of oxygen at the optimum level and the fish and flowers get enough of it.
Similar to adding fertilizers or organic manure to the soil, here you can simply add natural bacteria to the water so that they can break down any algae growth or simply anything beneficial. Also, to keep the oxygen supply you can plant some of the most famous oxygenation plants easily available.
Can you fill a pond with tap water?
Yes, you can use tap water to fill your pond. But there are some other aspects as well that comes along with this. Before you use tap water make sure to keep it standing in the pond for sometime before you grow plants in it as it can contain chlorine. This will allow the water to get rid of chlorine and make it safer to be used.
Other than this we would recommend that you go for rainwater. Now, for this, you need to wait for it to get collected naturally in the pond or else try rainwater harvesting and direct the water to the pond. The reason we are looking for rainwater is that it is the purest form and both plants, as well as fishes, will love to swim in it.
Do you need to change the water in a pond?
The answer to this is yes, we do need to change the water of the pond. Since we all know that stagnant water for very long always is harmful since you have to artificially create it with plants and flowers. However, this isn’t as easy as it does sound. As per us, we would recommend taking this process to change the water every week.
Now, make sure you do not simply empty the pond and add new water. This makes the plants and aquatic life a little weaker and it does not work out well. So, keep adding water of about 5%-10% each week. This can be done by using the water overflow technique.
If you have no rainwater, you can make use of the tap water by letting it stand out first in the sun to get rid of chlorine and then add it to the pond. It can be a little challenging at first so make sure to start with a small pond.
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As we have seen here that there are numerous plants to grow in ponds. The first and foremost aspect before all of this leads to creating a pond first in your garden. It need not be a huge one but a small one to go with. Make sure to start with only 2-3 pond flowers and plants for starters since it is not as easy to take care of a plant as it may seem. You can go one for adding the aquatic life as well to it and take care of it.
Your pond like we discussed no matter how big or small it may be, it needs to have the water change process carried out efficiently. It does seem like the sun is evaporating the water, but that is not entirely true and so you need to add fresh water to it by over flowering it.
Never empty the pond altogether. It is also necessary that the water gets changed depending on how big the pond is. If it is big enough, you may have to change about 10%-15% water, or else the smaller ones only need 5%-10% as a whole.
Also, keep the ponds rich in oxygen with the use of aerators or oxygenating plants. Other than keeping the pond clean at times with the use of multiple natural methods such as adding dyes or bacteria. If at all you have queries and doubts you can let us know in the comment sections below. I hope you get this best Pond flowers and plants ideas and a few small pond plants.
I am Elsa, love gardening. I spent lots of time with plants, flowers, it gives me lots of happiness.
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