Philodendron plant is one of the popular plant in USA. Let us check out how to plant, grow, and care for Philodendron plant.
Philodendron is often found in offices and waiting rooms due to its easy low maintenance requirements and its ability to clean and purify the air in the area where it lives. If you are looking for a decorative plant for your interior space, it is likely that one of the more than 500 varieties of philodendron will be perfect for the occasion.
Taking care of the philodendron plant is easy because if you watch the signs, the plant will tell you exactly what it needs. Even inexperienced houseplants will have no trouble growing philodendron plants because the plants adapt easily to conditions inside the house. This makes it incredibly easy to learn how to care for a philodendron.
Philodendron plant types
#1 Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum)
If you are a novice gardener, this is for you as it is forgiving by nature. It is one of the most popular philodendrons with characteristic heart-shaped leaves. It can reach a length of about 4 to 6 feet indoors and can grow freely.
#2 Philodendron with red leaves (Philodendron erubescens)
Also known as Princess Rosa, it is the most adorable variety of philodendron. The distinguishing feature is the large coppery foliage. Depending on where you place them, the leaves have a variety of black, dark green or pink. It is one of the best types of philodendron!
#3 Elephant ear philodendron (Philodendron domesticum)
If you think that name is absurd, wait until you know other names: “Silver Sword” or “Shovel Blade Philodendron”. The leaves are blue-gray in color during the initial growth period, changing to greenish-gray over time. Tighten back for healthy new growth.
#4 Moonlight Philodendron
The green fluorescent foliage can be a striking contrast to any background of this Heartleaf Philodendron hybrid. It will not grow on a trellis, as it is not a variety climber, but it will do very well in a pot. ‘Moonlight’ is one of the best types of philodendron!
#5 Congo red Philodendron
It is a relatively new variety of philodendron and adapts to all conditions, except the cold. The bright, dark green leaves grow so close together that their single stem is almost invisible. The rigid stem helps the plant to stand upright when ripe.
#6 Winter bourn Philodendron (Philodendron Xanadu)
Growing up to 3-4 feet in width and height, its leaves are curled around the edges, with a dark green hue. It grows vertically in the absence of aerial roots, having an excellent appearance indoors. The dense clusters and lobed leaves are sure to attract the curious.
#7 Philodendron of Brazil (Philodendron hederaceum ‘ Brasil ‘)
Another heart-shaped philodendron cultivar that is fun to grow! The variegated heart shaped leaves with stripes of golden yellow, white or cream, catch the eye! The foliage resembles that of the pothos. Sometimes the stems are dyed, which further glorifies their beauty.
It can grow in shady places, but if you are not looking for variegation, place it in bright, indirect light.
#8 Fiddleleaf Philodendron (Philodendron bipennifolium)
Native to Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay in the tropical forests of southern Brazil, it brings a tropical feel to the interior. The long leaves can grow up to 15-18 inches long and are shaped like a violin or horse. To prevent it from falling, tie it with a stake! It is one of the best types of philodendron!
#9 White Knight Philodendron (Philodendron sp. ‘White knight’)
This is the most precious asset among philodendron collectors, as it is rare and beautiful! It grows slowly, but the wait is worth it! Its stems have a unique purple-brown and cream color with white spots on dark green leaves.
Philodendron plant benefits
Philodendron plants are comfortable in the same environment as their growers and low in maintenance, philodendrons spp. have graced home interiors for your future generations. Many species are readily available, and it’s hard to resist their interesting foliage.
Philodendrons respond quickly to the attention they receive. This is an advantage for inexperienced growers who are learning how to care for plants and makes plant care easier for busy growers.
Fallen philodendrons that need water respond to water immediately, and plants that have small, clear leaves respond to food in a few days. When a plant pot is replanted, the grower is rewarded with a new sprout of new growth within a week.
Philodendrons are comfortable in the same room temperature as their growers and thrive in temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. They easily tolerate the drought conditions found inside most homes.
The plant tolerates most light conditions, except direct sunlight and dark corners and holes. It grows best with strong light filtered through a transparent curtain, but it also grows very close to a window outside the sun’s rays. If you can read a book comfortably in the room without turning on the light, a philodendron will grow there.
#3 Adaptable to change
Many plants resist when you move them from one place to another and show your disgust by dropping leaves, becoming pale or developing spots.
Philodendrons don’t seem to mind being moved. You can even move them to a shaded outdoor location without the tedious process of gradually increasing the light.
Philodendrons like to spend a few weeks outdoors. Before bringing the plants back, spray them with water to remove any insects that may have been interested in the plants while they were outdoors.
#4 Low maintenance
Philodendrons need only basic care and, unlike many household plants with changing needs with the seasons, philodendrons need the same care throughout the year. Keep the soil slightly moist so that it looks like a twisted sponge.
The plant benefits from a monthly dose of medium concentration liquid fertilizer. Thick types do not need tweezers or pruning to maintain their shape. Transplant the plants to the next pot size each spring.
How to plant Philodendron plant
When planting philodendrons in the garden or placing your philodendrons container outdoors, you should keep in mind that philodendrons are plants that live in the forest and are best served in a location that provides shade and indirect sunlight.
Full sunlight causes sunburned yellow leaves, which is not a good thing.
The soil must be kept constantly moist, but never soaked, well drained and rich in nutrients and organic matter. A light diet every 3-4 months with granulated foods is also recommended when taking care of your philodendron outdoors.
Another important consideration to keep in mind when taking care of the philodendron outdoors is that they are toxic to people and pets, causing severe inflammation of the mouth and throat. Its sap is also known to cause skin irritation, so wear gloves when pruning the plant and disinfect the pruning tools when completing the pruning tasks.
Pruning is not really a requirement to promote the growth of your philodendrons in the garden, but you may need to trim dead or yellow leaves occasionally.
How to grow the Philodendron plant
Remember that the philodendron, like many indoor plants, comes from tropical regions. It will grow better if it can simulate that environment. Provide lot of heat, strong light and moisture. These plants are not prone to insect attack and are generally grown vigorously.
Feed them generously during the growing season. Climbing varieties are also excellent hanging or creeping plants. Use a piece of moss or other support for types of climbing.
P. Scandens, or sweet heart plant, is one of the most reliable and toughest indoor plants. Of all philodendrons, it will survive better indoors. Varieties with velvety leaves are less tolerant to strong light and need more moisture and heat. Use the latest stand-alone hybrids if you want to avoid climbing plants.
Philodendrons are susceptible to the same insect pest common to many household plants: aphids, scale insects, scales, thrips and mites. These pests are best treated with non-toxic insecticidal soap or horticultural oil. Mealy bugs can be cleaned with an alcohol swab.
How do you take care of a philodendron plant
Let us check out how to take care of philodendron plant.
# Sun light
It thrives on medium indirect light, but can tolerate low indirect light.
Water every 1-2 weeks, allowing the soil to dry between waterings . Increase the frequency with higher light.
Any level of humidity will do, but the moist air helps the leaves to grow more and more quickly.
Average room temperature is fall between 65°F to 75°F. Better not to drop below 60°F.
Young Philos is only 6”tall, but this plant is short and grows quickly. Without cutting, you can eventually drag 3 meters in length.
Poisonous but non-lethal sap causes skin irritation and burning in the mouth if swallowed. The best practice is to always keep indoor plants out of the reach of small children and pets.
Is Philodendron a good indoor plant?
Yes. Philodendron indoor plants are so good that adapt to different lighting conditions and water and thrive well indoors. The plants have large, green and dark leaves that allow them to absorb even the slightest trace of light and water.
If you have an office that really wants to highlight indoor spaces, a philodendron will grow on top of cubicles and files. They will grow on the walls and also along the windows. Depending on the desired appearance, they can be cut. But, anyway, it’s a good and quick way to add lots of green, red and other bright colors throughout the office.
Philodendrons tend to like warmer climates, but if the indoor areas can be kept warm, they will continue to grow and thrive even during winter.
How often should you water a Philodendron plant?
Philodendrons can be grown in soil or simply in water. Plants that live in the soil should be watered when half the soil is dry. As with most plants, yellow leaves indicate excess water and brown leaves indicate submersion. You can tell when a philodendron needs water because its leaves will look like withered.
When watered, the plant will reward you with a cheerful appearance. The length of the index finger to the first joint is approximately 2.5 cm, so sticking your finger in the ground is a good way to check the humidity level. Fallen leaves can mean that the plant is receiving too much or too little water. But the leaves recover quickly when you correct the irrigation scheme.
Philodendrons also thrive in containers with only water. Monitor the water closely because your philodendron can drink faster than you expect. One thing to keep in mind is that, since a plant is used to living in soil or water, it is not always good for it to be transferred to another medium.
Is a Philodendron plant poisonous?
Philodendron is a houseplant with flowers. Philodendron poisoning occurs when someone eats pieces of this plant. The poisonous ingredient is calcium oxalate. No other group of plants is used as indoors as philodendrons, but they are poisonous to humans and pets.
Eating them can cause burning and swelling of the lips, tongue and throat, as well as vomiting and diarrhea. Like ivy, philodendrons have a low habit, so keep them off the ground. It may be prudent to keep them out of the reach of children.
How fast do Philodendron grow?
In its native tropical habitat, the arboreal philodendron is a fast-growing tree that reaches a height of up to 15 feet, but grows significantly more slowly in cultivation. You can make it grow faster by knowing its affinity for wet, shaded spots and watering it with untreated water.
The closer they are to a philodendron’s native habitat, the faster it will take root. Aerial roots help speed up the process, as long as they are feeder roots, not epiphytes, the roots that vines use to cling to the bark of trees.
Propagation during spring and summer, when the plant is growing, also helps in the process. Growth hormone powder, which is sold in daycare centers and home centers, can also stimulate faster rooting, but it generally does not accelerate fast-growing philodendrons.
Are coffee grounds good for Philodendron?
Coffee grounds are a very useful source of nutrients that philodendron plants can use effectively and a very profitable fertilizer. The coffee grounds add acidity and nitrogen, which are good for philodendron. Just mix a little more or less at the top of the soil, without disturbing the roots, and don’t overdo it, maybe once a month at most.
If you don’t mix well, mold will form. Coffee is a good home remedy to revitalize slow-growing philodendrons, whether the beans are mixed with potting soil or simply watered with a half-coffee and half-water solution.
Can Philodendron grow in low light?
Philodendrons are a large family of plants that thrive in low light, including the popular philodendron with heart leaves, which is a climbing plant that can be trained to climb a wire pillar or grown in hanging baskets.
Heart – philodendron leaves (Philodendron scandens) is possibly the most recognized as effective, and can lead to the dimmest light in its category. However, the closely related split leaf philodendron is not a good choice for low light situations as it becomes thin with small leaves.
There are plenty of other philodendron species here, and many of them are well known for doing well within reasonably low light. Some others are P. Xanadu, P. Brazil and numerous varieties of red leafed Philos.
Are Philodendron leaves poisonous to dogs?
Philodendrons are often used as a houseplant because of their low maintenance and interesting foliage. All parts of the philodendron contain calcium oxalate crystals that can cause distress in your pet. Calcium oxalate is a calcium salt based on oxalic acid that causes irritation and numbness in the tissues with which it comes into contact.
Chewing on any part of the plant will cause immediate swelling and sharp pain in your dog’s mouth and throat as the tiny crystals penetrate deeply into the soft tissues nearby. If part of the sap or plant material is ingested, the inflammation will usually spread through the throat and the gastrointestinal tract. This can cause distress in your pet, as well as severe internal pain.
Swelling of the tongue and throat is also known to cause breathing difficulties if the airways become blocked.
The unpleasant taste and discomfort generally inhibit the intake of this plant by most dogs. This means that rinsing the mouth area may be all that is needed, although your dog may also enjoy something fresh to eat or drink, such as an ice cube or milk, to relieve discomfort in the mouth until further instructions can be obtained with your vet.
Can Philodendron kill cats?
Philodendron leaves contain calcium oxalate crystals that, if ingested, irritate the gastrointestinal tracts from the mouth to the stomach and intestines. Affected cats drool and show signs of abdominal pain. If your kitten chews your philodendron, touches its mouth and then rubs its eyes, they will also hurt. Fortunately, this is the degree of toxicity of the plant.
Treatment includes chicken broth or tuna water (not tuna oil) to remove crystals from the mouth and milk or yogurt to bond the crystals and lessen discomfort. If your kitten’s bloody droplet continues beyond a day, take it to the vet. A baby tooth may have partially fallen out, but it needs a little help to completely dislodge it, or your kitten bit an electric wire and burned its mouth, which is a bigger problem.
How fast do split leaf philodendron grow?
A philodendron with split leaves grows quickly and usually has leaves up to 3 feet long and 2 feet wide. If you want a large, low-maintenance tropical plant, this is the perfect solution. The leaves, stems and roots of a split-leaf philodendron contain oxalic acid. The only part of the plant that is not poisonous is the delicious fruit it produces in nature.
In its native habitat, the jungles of Central America, the split-leaf philodendron grows in the canopy of the tropical forest, climbing up to 21 meters. It attaches to the trunks and branches of other trees with long aerial roots like tentacles.
Split leaf philodendron training
The split-leaf philodendron has cord-shaped aerial roots that emerge from the base of the plant. In his native habitat, he uses these roots to climb trees and absorb nutrients. These aerial roots can be trained to climb a support, such as a sphagnum moss pole, or can go to the ground. When there is an excess, you can cut some of them.
You can find moss posts in the nursery or make your own by wrapping sphagnum moss around a wooden dowel and securing the moss in place with nylon thread or fishing line. Stick the toothpick in the center of the pot, being careful not to touch the roots.
Water the plant from the top of the pole. This will keep the pole moist and the aerial roots will absorb moisture. If this is not possible, spray the pole with water and water the base of the plant.
Do Philodendrons need sunlight
Philodendrons do well in low light, one of the best aspects of their versatility. However, plants that receive medium or indirect light will grow faster and produce more leaves. Philodendrons should not be placed in direct sunlight. Older leaves are naturally yellow.
However, if you notice several yellow leaves at once, it can be an indicator that the plant is getting too much sun. They tolerate little light, but if the stems are long by several inches between the leaves, it may be necessary to move the plant to a lighter location.
How often do split leaf philodendron bloom
A philodendron must be ripe before it begins to bloom, which takes 15 to 16 years. As soon as it reaches maturity, the split-leaf philodendron blooms from May to July. Philodendrons are only open for two days during the flowering period, and each plant will have two to three flowers that open at different times during the flowering period.
The flowering of a philodendron measures about 30 centimetres from the stem to the tip, and the ideal time for pollination is in the middle of the night. The spadix can reach temperatures up to 114 degrees Fahrenheit! The heat attracts the beetle as it crawls towards the flower to keep warm. Upon entering the flower, the beetle walks on the spadix and pollinates the philodendron.
Do split leaf Philodendrons climb?
In its native habitat, the jungles of Central America, the split leaf philodendron grows in the canopy of the rainforest, climbing up to 21 meters. It attaches to the trunks and branches of other trees with long aerial roots like tentacles.
Philodendrons use roots to climb trees and absorb nutrients. These aerial roots can be trained to climb a support, such as a moss pole, or they can be directed to the ground. They will start climbing any type of vertical surface nearby, which is why they are often planted with stakes so they can be trained to grow on them.
Otherwise, they will grow on the sides of the windows and descend on the sides of the containers.
How do you keep a Philodendron alive
- Place a potted philodendron near a sunny window, but make sure the rays don’t shine directly on the leave.
- Observe the signs of your plant: if several leaves turn yellow, the plant is receiving a lot of sun; if the stems grow with large spaces between the leaves, the plant needs more light.
- Allow the top of the soil to dry completely before watering the plant.
- Even the internal philodendrons enjoy a ride from time to time. Place the pot outside in a shady place for fresh air.
- Keep the soil moist, but not wet, and if your philodendron still looks like it needs a major overhaul, you can always subject it to a knife.
- Reducing this plant to a 3-inch stump gives you a new curriculum, and the fresh foliage that will emerge from the stump will give you a fresh start.
How tall does Philodendron grow
- Philodendron bipinnatifidum, also called lace tree philodendron (Philodendron selloum), has large, deeply lobed leaves that emerge from a central stem. It can spread up to 6 feet wide and 8 feet high.
- Philodendron ‘Xanadu’ is a hybrid that grows 3 meters in height and width. It prefers strong light and does not form aerial roots like other philodendrons.
- Philodendron bipinnatifidum is also called a split leaf philodendron. This tropical plant has a semi-erect habit and grows 3 meters tall and wide in warm regions.
Can you propagate philodendron from a leaf?
Propagating a philodendron from leaf is easy. All you need is a pair of scissors and a small container with potting soil. To make a cut, use a sharp knife or scissors to cut a piece of rod about 7 to 15 cm long. It is best to cut just above another leaf on the same stem.
Remove all sheets from the cutter except the first two or three. Place the cut in moist vermiculite or soil for potting. None of the leaves should be buried in the rooting medium. In that case, adjust the cut a little higher or remove another sheet, just make sure that there are two or three sheets left. Place your container in bright, indirect sunlight.
In two to three weeks, the roots will sprout, followed by new leaves. Gently pull the cut. Insert the stake into soil for good quality pots in a 3 to 4 inch wide pot. If your parent plant is large enough, take three to five seedlings at a time and let them take root in the same jar. Then, when planting them, you will have a lush and full pot.
Does Philodendron clean the air?
It showed that several plants removed known carcinogens from the air, such as benzene, trichloroethylene and formaldehyde. NASA’s rule of thumb is to have an air purification plant for every 30 square meters of space. He showed that large-leaved philodendron plants are one of the most effective plants to reduce air pollution.
Do not allow small children or pets to eat the leaves, as they are toxic. Other plants for greater purification include snake plant, peace lily, English ivy, spider plant, gerbera daisy, dragon tree and bamboo.
How do you cut and replant a philodendron
The philodendron of plants does not require pruning to grow, but taller plants tend to be thin and uncomfortable if not cut occasionally. So, if you want to cut and replant this plant, follow these simple methods to get what you want:
- Cut yellow leaves and stems due to damage or aging with pruning shears, scissors or a knife. Take the yellow stem firmly and pull it slightly away from the plant. Cut the stem at its base, where it connects to the stem of the plant or another stem. If only one leaf on a stem is yellow, cut it just above the joint where a healthy leaf attaches to the plant. Water the plant immediately after pruning to reduce stress on the plant.
- Contain the plant in a size that adapts to the dimensions of your room, cutting the longest stems, which are the oldest and are most likely to yellow. They are also the ugliest, often looking slender with long, narrow stems loaded with large, heavy leaves. Use pruning shears, scissors or a knife to cut these stems at the joints where they meet the main crown of the plant. If the stems are below the ground, cut them in line with the soil. Water the plant immediately after pruning.
To replant, cut the stems by choosing a long, healthy stem with at least three large leaves. Cut the stems directly into a healthy leaf, if possible, or cut them at the joint that meets the main crown. The propagation rod must be 3 to 6 inches long.
Water the main plant. Place the cut stem in a pot of soil at least 20 centimetres deep and water until the soil is moist, but not wet. Keep the soil moist, place the pot in the sun, and the roots should form in about two weeks.
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I hope this article will help you to know how to plant, grow, and care for Philodendron plant and answered the below FAQs related to the Philodendron plant.
- Philodendron plant
- Philodendron plant types
- Philodendron plant benefits
- How to plant Philodendron plant
- How to grow the Philodendron plant
- How do you take care of a philodendron plant
- Is Philodendron a good indoor plant?
- How often should you water a Philodendron plant?
- Is a Philodendron plant poisonous?
- How fast do Philodendron grow?
- Are coffee grounds good for Philodendron?
- Can Philodendron grow in low light?
- Are Philodendron leaves poisonous to dogs?
- Can Philodendron kill cats?
- How fast do split leaf philodendron grow?
- Split leaf philodendron training
- Do Philodendrons need sunlight
- How often do split leaf philodendron bloom
- Do split leaf Philodendrons climb?
- How do you keep a Philodendron alive
- How tall does Philodendron grow
- Can you propagate philodendron from a leaf?
- Does Philodendron clean the air?
- How do you cut and replant a philodendron
I am Elsa, love gardening. I spent lots of time with plants, flowers, it gives me lots of happiness.
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