Hosta Plant – Plant, Grow, and Caring Tips

Want to grow hosta plant in your garden? Check out the exclusive guides on how to plant, grow, and care for hosta plants.

There are so many sizes, heights, textures, and colors to work with the hosta plant. They fit in many different types of gardens (patio, ledge, container, stone, and shade) and are also resistant to cold.

Most varieties tend to be 1 to 3 feet tall and spread out, but larger or smaller varieties are available. The colors of the leaves include motley white, lime green, and teal, to name but a few. The texture and shape of hosta leaves are also diverse, from smooth and narrow to striated and heart-shaped.

Hosta Plant
Hosta Plant

Although they are mainly known for their attractive foliage, the plants also produce beautiful flowers from early summer to early autumn, in shades of pink, lavender, light blue or white. Hummingbirds and other pollinators love flowers, and the flowers can even be scented, depending on the variety.

Types of Hostas Plants

Hostas plants are edible. They are grown in the United States for ornamental purposes but are used as a food source in different Asian countries. Here are some types of hostas.

1# Hosta Whirlwind

This perennial whirlwind hosta plant is the perfect choice for your shaded garden, with green leaves that change color throughout the season. The heart-shaped leaves are creamy white or lime with dark green margins. The centers turn dark green in late summer.

2# Hosta Gracillima

This Hosta dwarf has shiny dark green spear-shaped leaves. In late summer and fall, it grows into a funnel-shaped lavender-blue flower with purple stripes. The plant must be protected from the cold wind.

3# Komodo dragon Hosta

This is one of the largest Hostas and has large cascading blue-green leaves. The leaves are deeply striated and love to grow in total or partial shade.

4# Hosta Crispula

Curled Hosta is a perennial plant easy to grow and has dark green leaves with creamy spots. These wavy leaves are an excellent ground cover, especially in shaded areas, where funnel-shaped, light lavender flowers grow in early summer.

5# Hosta Halcyon

The blue-green leaves in the shape of a spear will illuminate your shaded garden. The plant produces light lilac flowers in late summer, supported by greyish mauve landscapes. This is one of the slowest Hostas to develop and it takes years to reach its final stage of maturity.

6# Hosta Guacamole

This variety is characterized by its exceptional color and fragrant flowers. The oval leaves are yellow-green with golden highlights and stripes in the center. They grow in overlapping hills.   

7# Hosta Alligator Alley

The distinctive leathery and wrinkled leaves in the shape of the heart of this plant have yellow-green centers that turn yellow in summer, outlined by blue-green margins. It grows almost white flowers in long landscapes that reach a maximum height of 28 inches.

8# Hosta August Moon

The yellow-green leaves of the August moon form an asymmetrical hill. The leaves turn bright yellow with exposure to the sun, which explains the name “Luade Agosto”.

9# Hosta Autumn Frost

With a pattern that is almost the opposite of the Whirlwind variety, Autumn Frost produces bluish-green leaves that have bright yellow margins. As the leaves ripen, the yellow becomes creamy white.

10# Blue Angel Hosta

This variety has thick, textured leaves of a blue-green color. It is one of the largest varieties that can tolerate dry soils. This perennial loves partial or total shade and produces funnel-shaped lavender flowers in the summer. Blue Angel Hosta can tolerate the morning sun, but not in hot summer areas.

Are Hostas easy to maintain?

Are Hostas easy to maintain
Are Hostas easy to maintain

The hosta plant is one of the perennial favorites among gardeners. The lush foliage and easy care make them ideal for a low maintenance garden.

Originating in the East and brought to Europe in 1700, today there are more than 2,500 cultivars with such variety in the shape, size, and texture of the leaves that an entire garden could be dedicated only to the cultivation of hostas.

Although hosta care is considered easy, it is very useful to know a little about how to grow hostas to help plants reach their full potential in the garden.

The Hosta plants are a beautiful addition to any garden and adapt well to a variety of fields, ranging from a few centimeters to 1.2 m wide. Caring for Hostas is easy and now that you have discovered the basics of growing hostas, you will find them a welcome addition to your garden.

How many varieties of Hostas are there?

The plants Hosta are herbaceous perennials that come in many different types. The most natural way to group varieties is by the color of the leaves. The foliage can be blue, golden (yellow), or green.

Or sometimes you will find a good mix, as when there is enough yellow and green to form chartreuse. In addition to all this variety of colors, these stars in the world of foliage tend to be varied.

1# Hostas with green leaves

The plant hosta are most often grown for their foliage than for their flowers. Many varieties must be grown in partial or full shade. An exception can be made for Hosta ‘Plantaginea’, which will produce white flowers that are very fragrant if the plant receives enough sunlight.

In fact, one of the common names for these hosta plants is “fragrant” Hosta plants and the flowers are larger than those of most other types. ‘Plantaginea’ hosta blooms in late summer.

The plants hosta fragrant can be grown in areas resistant plants USDA 3 to 9. At maturity, the plants hosta fragrant have a height of 1 to 1.5 feet long with 1.5 to 2 feet. Grow them in a sunny area.

Several other types of hostas have mainly green leaves:   

  • Biggie
    • Bitsy Green
    • Blarney Stone
    • Purple dwarf
    • Praying Hands

2# Hostas with golden leaves (yellow)

The plants Hosta with golden leaves should be planted in full sun to fully enhance their colors. The color can vary from real gold to chartreuse, depending on the variety of the plant, location of the patio and geographic region.

Hosta ‘Ground Sulfur ‘ is below 1 foot tall, with slightly greater spread. It blooms in lavender in early summer. Grows in zones 3-8. Other hostas with golden foliage include:

  • Fire Island
  • Touch of Midas
  • Good as gold
  • Golden Tiara

3# Hostas with blue leaves

The leaves of the hosta blue plant should be grown almost in full shade. Hosta ‘Blue Moon’ has blue-green leaves in the shape of a heart. A small ground cover, ‘Blue Moon’ is less than 1 foot high, with a slightly greater extension. The flowers are white and come out in late summer.

Hostas with blue leaves
Hostas with blue leaves

It grows in zones 3 to 8. Hosta ‘Halcyon’ grows slightly larger (14 inches tall, spreading about 2 feet) than ‘Blue Moon’ and has lilac or lilac flowers. Other blue beauties include:

  • Big potato
    • H. sieboldiana ‘Elegans’
    • Blue Angel
    • Blue sky
    • Baby Bunting

Where is the best place to plant Hosta?

Hostas are the pillars of the shaded garden. Its lush foliage is unmatched in accent and ground cover effect. Plant hostas with ferns, wild flowers and perennial shade plants on the north side of a house or under the canopy of large trees.

Use them as specimens or accents on the shaded side of a bush border or under flowering trees. In the darkest recesses between buildings, under garages or in narrow passages, hostas will grow and thrive if the soil is rich and moist.

In colder areas, combine white-flowered H. plantaginea with variegated Japanese silver grass (Miscanthus sinensis ‘Cabaret’), garden phlox and other perennials on edges protected from the hottest afternoon sun.

Use medium-sized varieties as ground cover in front of flowering shrubs or on massive plantings of mixed colors and leaf shapes under the shade of the trees. Plant small selections of leaves in rock gardens or in containers.

Take advantage of the fact that hostas appear late and plant large open spots with bulbs that bloom in spring and short-lived wildflowers such as dentures (Dentaria), spring beauties (Claytonia) and trout lilies (Erythronium).

As the first shoots die, the emerging hosta leaves will hide them from view. Snowdrops, miniature daffodils and winter monkshoods (East Eran) are good bulb companions.

Hostas Plant Care

Hostas Plant Care
Hostas Plant Care

Hostas are one of the few plants that thrive in the shade and are extremely easy to care for and propagate.

1# Light

Hostas are true garden plants that can survive in total shade. However, many varieties do best when they receive sun spots for a few hours a day. When the plants have varied green and yellow leaves, exposure to the morning sun helps to highlight the yellow color.

2# Soil

Hostas are tolerant to most types of soil, as long as they are well drained. They do not do well on clay soils, which retain a lot of moisture. They also like its rich and fertile soil, full of organic matter.

3# Water

Water the hostas as needed to keep the soil moist, but not wet. Once established, hostas will tolerate occasional dry soils, but will not survive long periods of drought unless they are watered regularly.

4# Temperature and humidity

Hostas are not very demanding with temperature or humidity and can grow in a wide variety of climates. It is best to plant them in a place protected from strong winds.

5# Fertilizer

Often, the best and easiest way to feed hostas is to add a healthy layer of compost to the soil in the spring. This brings nutrients to the soil and helps promote the soil’s food web. Be careful that the fertilizer granules do not get caught in the leaves, as they can burn them.

Why are the leaves on my Hosta plant turning brown / what causes brown spots on Hosta leaves

The most common cause of brown spots on hosta leaves is water stress. Hostas grow best on soils that remain uniformly moist. The leaves usually begin to fall or wilt before the problem becomes severe enough to cause browning.

Hosta plant turning brown
Hosta plant turning brown

Increase watering so that the plant receives at least 1 inch of water per week and cover the soil with a 2-inch mulch layer to help retain moisture.

Once the plant has recovered, trim the leaves that are heavily tanned and damaged to improve the appearance of the hosta.

Hostas naturally start to turn brown and die in the fall. Trim all foliage after the leaf margins start to turn yellow or brown. Remove all foliage from the base of the plant and discard or compose it. Hostas do not need to be watered since the foliage is dormant.

Replenish the mulch layer up to 5 cm to isolate the roots in winter, but avoid covering the tops of plants.

Why are the leaves on my Hostas turning yellow

  • Hosta plants are plants that grow best in partial shade or even full shade. If you grow them in full sun, you can expect yellow hosta leaves. The foliage turns yellow and burns at the edges. When you see the leaves of the hosta plant it will turn yellow due to too much sun, it is called charred hosta.
  • When the yellow leaves of the hosta indicate disease, the options for treating the problem are more difficult. When you see yellow leaves on the hosta, the plant may have petiole rot, caused by the fungus Sclerotium rolfsii var. delphinii. The first symptoms are yellowing and darkening of the lower margins of the leaves.
  • Avoid the problem by carefully inspecting the seedlings before planting them. You must also remove and destroy all infected plants and remove and replace the soil to 8 inches (20 cm). 
  • Other fungal diseases, rot, and viral diseases that cause yellow leaves on hosta are also impossible to cure. To root and crown rot by fusarium, bacterial soft rot, virus hosta X, and other viruses, all you can do is remove the plants and destroy them, trying not to spread the disease to other plants.

How often do you need to water Hostas

When it comes to hosta cultivation, watering needs vary according to the garden conditions and the time of year. The watering process of a hosta plant will change from winter to summer. In hosta cultivation, the need for water peaks during the hottest parts of summer and decreases as the weather begins to cool and the plants go dormant in the fall.

The risk of Hosta is essential, as it will ensure that the plants grow big and healthy. These plants require soil that drains well, but keep humidity levels constant at all times. This can be achieved by watering weekly with immersion hoses or drip irrigation systems.

Like many perennials, it will be imperative to water a hosta completely; on average, they require about an inch of water per week.

By establishing a weekly irrigation schedule, plants can develop a more robust root system that can better access water at the bottom of the soil.

During summers that are especially hot and dry, hosta plants can start to brown and die. Although the idle process in conditions of extreme drought is normal, it is not ideal.

Severe cases of drought can cause dry rot and eventual loss of hosta plants. Irrigation is the key to avoiding these potential problems. Gardeners should continue watering the plants hosta until it reaches the date of the first frost.

Do Hostas need a lot of water

Water requirements are greater during hot and dry weather than during cold and wet periods. Be careful not to over-water and do not limit the air circulation by agglomerating the plants. In an ideal hosta garden, the plants would receive abundant watering throughout the season.

Do Hostas need a lot of water
Do Hostas need a lot of water

A slow, deep dip of about an inch of water per week during the growing season is perfect. A single deep bath each week is always better than several light showers.

Deep watering encourages the roots to go deeper into the soil, where they can still find moisture during short periods of drought. Light and frequent irrigation encourage the roots of the hosta to grow close to the soil surface, where they can dry quickly, even in short periods of drought.

Why is my Hosta plant dying

Hosta can be a tough plant, but it can be quite susceptible to fungi and diseases under certain conditions. If you find a hosta plant dying in your garden, act quickly to save it and avoid losing nearby plants. Examine soil conditions, check for evidence of fungi and evaluate mulch to help you decide the course of action.

Carefully observe the leaves and stems of hosta to assess damage to the plant. Look for yellow leaves, dead centers or mold around the base where the plant finds the soil. Some molds produce seed-like balls during propagation.

The rotting of the petiole can result in wilted hostas. This disease, caused by the pathogenic fungus Sclerotium rolfsii, can lead to the rapid death of plants. Most common after rains and a hot climate, petiole rot causes yellowing of the outer leaves of the plant and withers.

What to spray on Hostas for bugs

  • Tea tree oil is a natural product that emits a very strong odor that repels insects. In a spray bottle, mix a solution of 2 cups of water, 10 drops of tea tree oil and 10 drops of liquid soap. Spray on plant leaves and repeat as needed to prevent insects from attacking your hostas.
  • Citrus fruits give off another strong smell that repels insects. In a spray bottle, mix a solution of 2 cups of water, 20 drops of citronella oil (available at any health food store) and 10 drops of dishwashing liquid.
  • Peppermint also gives off a strong smell that most insects don’t like. In a spray bottle, mix a solution of 2 cups of water, 20 drops of peppermint essential oil and 10 drops of liquid detergent.

Should I cut damaged Hosta Leaves?

Yes. You can cut the yellow, dead or damaged leaves with scissors. Remove these leaves at their bases, where they emerge from the main plant. Remove the stems before they bloom in varieties of foliage that produce small or unattractive flowers.

Flowering diverts the energy from the leaves, so cutting the stems can result in larger leaves. Remove dead foliage and stems from the bed after pruning. Dead plant material left around the hosta can harbor harmful pests or pathogens.

Prune all the dead foliage to the base of the plant after it naturally yellows and dies in the fall. Rake up leftover leaves and throw them away or compost.

How do I get rid of bugs eating my Hostas

Insecticidal soaps kill bugs by blocking their breath and choking them. To make your own insecticidal soap, mix 2 tablespoons of baby shampoo or mild soap in 1 liter of water. Mix well and fill the spray tank.

Manual trigger sprayers, sprinkler pumps, or backpack sprayers can be used, depending on how many hostas they have. Stronger mixes can be made using up to 6 tablespoons of soap per gallon of water.

Horticultural oil: You can make homemade vegetable oil simply by adding vegetable oil to the insecticidal soap mixture.

The oil helps the pesticide adhere to the foliage and stems of Hosta for longer, making it more effective in killing bugs present in the plant. Add 2 tablespoons of oil to each gallon of insecticidal soap to make horticultural oil.

What is the best fertilizer for Hostas?

Hostas prefer garden soil rich in organic matter. Before planting hosta, correct the natural soil with compost made of animal compost and leaves. Hostas roots tend to spread horizontally instead of vertically.

Organic matter also improves soil quality and drainage. If you prefer to use a fertilizer made for hostas, it is advisable to base your choice on the results of the soil tests. For established hosta plants, consider re-testing the soil every 3 to 5 years.

It is sufficient to work the compost in the soil to a depth of 30 to 46 cm (8 to 12 inches). Once this step is complete, consider testing the soil to determine if an additional amendment or fertilizer is needed. You can have your soil professionally tested or use a homemade DIY soil test kit. Check the nutrient level and soil pH.

Hostas prefer reasonably neutral soil in the pH range of 6.5 to 7.5. Adding and working with compost in the soil around the hosta annually is a method of supplementing the levels of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.

The compound also provides a variety of micronutrients and can be reapplied at any time during the season.

How deep do Hostas need to be planted?

Hostas work best when planted with ferns and other perennials in prepared beds. They can also have hole-by-hole landscaping if an area at least 2-3 feet wide is prepared for a depth of 9-12 inches. When planting in the forest with wildflowers, it is important to remove all the roots of the trees from the surface with 60 centimeters of each bunch of hosta.

The most important ingredient for growing a successful hosta is preparing the bed. It must have high fertility and a light layer of mulch to keep the soil cool in the summer and retain moisture.

Can you plant Tulips and Hostas together?

Tulips would be attractive in areas free before the hostas leave out. You must hide the tulip foliage that ripens around the emerging hosta leaves.

In addition, you can place both in areas where sunlight can easily reach, which is good for the tulip plant. If you love the solution in the garden, plant tulip and hostas together. They look better together!

Can you take cuttings from Hostas

Yes. You can take root cutting from Hostas plant. The spread of plant Hosta is done by root cuttings. To make a successful root cut, you must uproot the mother plant during the spring and then start harvesting seedlings from your root system.

Once you have the number of cuttings you would like to propagate, you will need to induce root lesions to obtain the proper callus formation and therefore the formation of other necessary plant tissues, such as buds and leaves.

This method is not as successful as splitting for two reasons:

  1. Hosta ripens very slowly, so it is not commercially efficient to propagate a large number of these plants through root cuttings.
  2. The root-induced injury necessary to promote callus growth can introduce diseases that prevent the spread of success.

Is Hosta plant poisonous to dogs?

Hostas contain a variety of saponins that are toxic to dogs in other small animals. Saponins cause vomiting and diarrhea; these are typical symptoms of hosta poisoning. It is important to avoid planting hostas on your property and avoid these potted plants indoors if you have dogs.

The poisoning hosta in dogs occurs when dogs ingest the plant hosta, which contains saponins that are toxic to dogs and are harmful if swallowed or in contact with skin.

The symptoms of poisoning Hosta occur when a dog picks up any part of the plant. The poisoning Hosta in dogs presents the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Swelling
  • Intestinal torsion
  • Anguish
  • Loss of appetite

Hostas Plant Disease

The diseases of plants of hosta usually include fungal and viral problems in the soil.

Hostas Plant Disease
Hostas Plant Disease

1# Fungal diseases

Anthracnose: This disease affects not only the hosta, but many other types of plants, including trees and tomatoes. Although generally not fatal, large light brown spots, small black spots and a ragged appearance can definitely damage the plant’s appearance.

Rot root/Crown Fusarium: This fungal disease usually appears in late spring, when the leaves turn yellow and brown before they die and fall from the plant.

Sooty mold: This disease often found in hostas planted under trees affected by sap-sucking pests such as scale or aphids. Pests produce a sugary droppings, which falls on the plant and attracts dark, unattractive mold.

2# Viral Diseases

Viral disease includes annular stain tomato, tomato wilt, and necrotic spot of the impatience and Arabis mosaic. Although the symptoms vary, the leaves of the affected plants tend to wrinkle and yellow. Some may develop concentric rings that look like targets.

How do you treat fungus on Hostas?

Remove and discard infected leaves. Avoid watering at night, when the leaves will be wet for hours.

In the fall, remove and discard all dead leaves to prevent the disease from coming back next year. When planting hosta, place the plants far enough away for good air circulation and quick drying.

Apply a fungicide to protect healthy leaves. The leaf stems turn brown at ground level as the leaves turn yellow, then brown, wither and die.

Take care not to spread the black fungus structures to other parts of the garden when removing the plants. When dividing plants, carefully clean and disinfect knives and other tools that come in contact with plants. Wash your hands thoroughly when you finish one plant before moving on to the next.

How do you keep Hostas Healthy

To keep your host growing healthy, follow these practices:

  • Provides partial shade to the hostas to stimulate the growth of large, colorful leaves. Provide full sunlight if you prefer a more compact plant or if you are growing a hosta variety for your flowers.
  • Check the soil moisture daily, especially during hot weather, or if the foliage starts to fall. Provide 2.5 to 5 centimeters of water a week or just enough so that the first 15 centimeters of soil remain moist at all times. Hostas are not well if the soil begins to dry out.
  • Spread a 5 cm layer of wood chips or mulch from the bark seed over the bed. The mulch improves the appearance of the garden and helps to retain soil moisture so that hosts do not wilt so easily.
  • Apply a new 1-inch layer of compost around the plants each spring before refilling the compost later. Dilute 1 tablespoon of soluble vegetable food 08.24.16 in 1 gallon of water and irrigate the hostas with solution monthly until mid-summer. These additional nutrients stimulate new and healthy growth so that the hosta remains full and attractive.
  • Cut the flower stems as they form in the varieties grown for their foliage; otherwise, flowering can harm the leaves. Remove the stems after flowering so that they are not messy in striking flowering varieties. Trim dead or tattered leaves at its base to make the hosta look its best.
  • Keep an eye on the hosta for snails and slugs, which feed on the foliage and leave uneven edges and holes. Sprinkle a handful of slug bait granules containing iron phosphate around the perimeter of the hosta plant and replenish as needed to keep these pests away.

How to prevent holes in Hosta leaves

The plant hosta is particularly susceptible to damage from slugs and snails and some insects that sting all the big and ugly holes in the leaves hosta.

To avoid holes in hosta leaves due to damage caused by snails and snails, water only in the morning to ensure that the leaves dry before dark and remove the mulch around the plants for these pests they cannot hide.

A common strategy is to place a few containers of beer close to the hostas, sinking them into the ground to the edge, so that the slugs crawl and drown. The insects can attack hostas, including grasshoppers and cutworms.

You can identify the insect only if you can actually see it in action; otherwise, you will only notice holes in the leaves and stems. Try an insecticidal soap to control grasshoppers, while a 7 cm collar around the base of the hosta or diatomaceous earth can be effective in deterring worms.

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I hope this blog will help you to plant, grow and care hosta plant. And, also it helps to answer the below questions:

  • Types of Hostas
  • Are Hostas easy to maintain?
  • How many varieties of Hostas are there?
  • Where is the best place to plant Hosta?
  • Hostas Plant Care
  • Why are the leaves on my Hosta plant turning brown / what causes brown spots on Hosta leaves
  • Why are the leaves on my Hostas turning yellow
  • How often do you need to water Hostas
  • Do Hostas need a lot of water
  • Why is my Hosta plant dying
  • What to spray on Hostas for bugs
  • Should I cut damaged Hosta Leaves?
  • How do I get rid of bugs eating my Hostas
  • What is the best fertilizer for Hostas?
  • How deep do Hostas need to be planted?
  • Can you plant Tulips and Hostas together?
  • Can you take cuttings from Hostas
  • Is Hosta plant poisonous to dogs?
  • Hostas Plant Disease
  • How do you treat fungus on Hostas?
  • How do you keep Hostas Healthy
  • How to prevent holes in Hosta leaves