From small plant containers in kitchens to large garden plots in the yards, home gardening comes in various forms. Be it home-grown veggies, fruits, or even flowers, they all provide health and environmental benefits in equal measures. These numerous advantages make the physical exertion, consumed time, and home gardening costs worth the effort!
In this article, we have put together a list of benefits and the ultimate home gardening tips essential for a thriving garden.
Benefits of Home Gardening
If you are looking to go about the home gardening venture, you will be reaping the following pronounced benefits:
1- Instant Access to Fresh Produce
A home garden saves you several grocery trips, allowing you easy access to fresh produce daily. It also gives you the option to plant a variety of produce, depending on the seasons and the region you live in.
2- Saves Money
Although you need to spend some money on seeds and gardening supplies like soil and fertilizers, you will be saving a lot in the long-term. A single plant from your home garden or container supplies a good amount of produce as long as you care for the plants year-round.
3- Gives You Control
Store-bought produce is mostly grown with chemicals and inorganic fertilizers for quick harvesting. On the other hand, your home-grown produce gives you control to maintain and grow them in a natural habitat with organic materials, skipping the harmful chemicals and pesticides.
You can also find organic veggies and fruits in the market. However, their prices are usually drastically high and out of your budget.
4- Positive Environmental Impact
Home gardening also provides you the perfect opportunity to reduce pollution and make positive environmental impacts. By producing organic compost from kitchen wastes, you will be recycling a lot of excess material, limiting the groundwater contamination and the chemical use on your garden soil.
5- Psychological and Physical Health Benefits
Along with physical efforts, the hard work you put in home gardening is ideally therapeutic for your mental health as well. It provides you with a productive medium for relieving your stress and anxiety, improving your overall health. Furthermore, the sense of satisfaction that comes along with the ripe produce is another level of joy!
Now that you can appreciate the many advantages of home gardening, let’s move on ahead with the home gardening tips that will help you make a spectacular garden built specifically around your needs.
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Home Gardening Tips
It would be best to divide home gardening into two sections for easy management: indoor home gardening and outdoor home gardening. Both types require distinct conditions and tips for flourishing the growing plants adequately.
Indoor Home Gardening Tips
Growing plants indoors may seem a bit daunting to newbie gardeners who are just starting. However, we assure you that you can set up a splendid indoor space for your plants where they can thrive magnificently.
Here are a few indoor home gardening tips that will help you along the process:
1- Figure Out the Home Garden Spots
The first step towards an astounding home garden is choosing the right spots for your indoor plants. Make sure you choose a space where sunlight can reach the plants, and you can water them appropriately. The temperature of the room also matters when it comes to indoor gardening.
If you are setting up an indoor home garden for the first time, we would suggest growing plants that are easy to maintain and don’t require specific weather conditions. Here are a few choices:
2- Select Indoor Plants Based On Their Space Needs
The next step is selecting plants that can fit into your space right. If you don’t have a lot of space in your house, you can use the windowsills. However, if the chosen garden-spot is compact, remember to consider this factor and choose plants that don’t need to thrive in all directions and grow in a close-packed manner.
3- Research About the Plants’ Likes and Dislikes
Each plant has different needs for water intake, sunlight, and temperature zone. You can’t adjust them in the same place and hope for the best. If you want them to flourish properly, research their likes and dislikes before planting them in random conditions.
The best way to deal with this is by choosing more than one spot for setting up your indoor garden. For example, plants that don’t require much sunlight can be fixed indoors, out of direct light access. You can use artificial lights to satisfy those plants’ needs, or you can put them outside every day for a few hours in a partially shaded area.
4- Choose the Right Containers
Choosing appropriate containers is one of the essential home gardening tips. If the pots you use to grow your plants don’t allow proper drainage or are too small to accommodate the growing plant, it will waste your hard work to nothing.
Whether you are buying new containers or getting innovative by reusing the available containers in your home, ensure that it will provide enough space and excellent drainage for your plants.
We don’t recommend small pots or containers for anything that works as a food item. That’s because many plants may grow in small pots; however, they wouldn’t be able to fully mature. Small pots also tend to dry out quickly. On the other hand, if you are planning to grow flowers in small containers, that will not affect their growth.
Soil that stays moist but drains the water simultaneously provides the perfect condition for the plants to thrive. That is only possible when the pots or containers you are using have at least one hole in the bottom.
However, if the pot is fully sealed from the bottom, you can set a base of pebbles before putting any soil in it. This is an effective way to make sure the soil gets the proper amount of water.
5- Just the Right Amount of Sunlight
Common houseplants don’t need much sunlight, so you can safely plant them where there is limited access to the sun rays. However, vegetable gardening requires a great deal of sunlight, i.e., between six to fourteen hours every day.
Fruit and vegetable plants die quickly without the right amount of sunlight. That’s why it is one of the vital home gardening tips to research their sunlight needs before locating them in a particular position.
6- Apply the Four Rules of Watering
Water is necessary for plants as it allows evaporation for cooling and assists them in the photosynthesis process. Here are the four primary rules for watering the indoor plants that you need to follow for the best growth:
i- Check and Water
You must never let the soil completely dry out. Once the soil gets too dry, it stops absorbing water, pooling on the pot’s surface, and seeping through the sides.
You can check when it is time to water by inserting your finger in the soil two inches deep. If the soil is dry, it is time to water your plants.
ii- Water Deeply
You need to water the plants until a little of it drains from the bottom of the container. This will ensure that the roots of the growing plants are well-nourished.
iii- Don’t Overwater
Overwatering the plants will also be damaging as it will keep the oxygen from flowing freely into the soil. The excess of pooling water can also lead to decay and rotted plants.
In case you accidentally overwater the plants, carefully turn over the pot, so the excess water drains out.
iv- Change Water Intake with Seasons
The water requirements for plants change with seasons. For example, the soil dries out quickly in summers, so you will have to compensate for that. On the other hand, in winter, the water intake will go down as the soil dries gradually.
7- Compost and Fertilizers
Your soil should also be mixed with organic compost and fertilizers for the proper nutrients. However, too much of these can damage your plants, so research well before you fertilize the soil for each type of plant.
8- Plan to Re-Pot
The purpose of re-potting your plants is to give them a bigger and better space for growing. This should be done after every couple of years if you want to have a long-term flourishing home garden.
9- Beware of the Pesky Pests
If you are growing your plants from seeds, they are less likely to attract any pests. However, when you purchase the plants from stores, there is a high probability that they will cause problems for you soon after planting.
Now that you know the most useful indoor home gardening tips, let’s move on to the fundamental tips you should remember while gardening in your house’s yard.
Outdoor Home Gardening Tips
Outdoor home gardening is the same as indoor home gardening, just with better access to sunlight and more space. However, there are some distinct requirements in an outdoor environment that you will have to consider for ravishing plant growth.
Here are the top outdoor home gardening tips:
1- Know Your Region
Before purchasing the seeds or plants, know your region, and what it allows you to grow. Many plants don’t grow in all states, so researching them beforehand is a basic part of home gardening. Considering the seasons is also necessary as there is a particular time frame for each plant when it blooms well.
2- Test and Improve Your Soil
Soil testing kits are easily available these days that read your soil’s pH level and determine the exact problems it is enduring. There are several ways to improve your soil once you know the root of the problem.
Given below are a few suggested soil amendments for specific issues.
For improving drainage, you should add these to your garden soil:
For loosening heavy soils, you can add:
- Peat moss
For enriching poor soils, you should add:
For better absorption and retaining the moisture, the following soil amendments can help:
- Peat moss
3- Start with the Easy Plants
If you are new to gardening, it would be best to start with easy and manageable plants in the beginning. Many vegetables and flowers are low-maintenance, yet grow quickly.
For instance, sunflowers grow all over the United States, so it can be one of the best options to integrate into your home garden. Lettuce, radishes, and carrot are also wise choices for novice gardeners.
4- Know About the Plant’s Water and Sunlight Needs
Many plants need direct sunlight to grow well, while others need to be planted in partially shaded areas for the right growth.
Consider this factor before you assign the spots for each garden plant. Plants that need partial access to sunlight can be placed under trees. That way, they will have ideal growing conditions.
The water intake is also different for all plants, so it would be best to research their water needs beforehand. Be mindful of the seasons, as the water requirement changes accordingly.
5- Introduce an Appeal-Factor
Your home garden should also have a unique aesthetic appeal that separates your garden from the others in your block. One of the best home gardening tips is to plant vegetables and flowers together for creating a wow-factor. However, make sure you are planting the veggies and flowers with the same needs for water and sunlight.
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There are several reasons to invest in a home garden. From alleviating stress levels to getting fresh produce every day, there are many benefits to indulge in this refreshing activity. Following the mentioned home gardening tips for indoor and outdoor plants, you can create a phenomenal garden that accomplishes your nutritional needs, giving you a way to live with a healthy and happy lifestyle.
I am Elsa, love gardening. I spent lots of time with plants, flowers, it gives me lots of happiness.
I am sharing all the practical tips on how to grow various plants, flower plants, vegetables in the garden. Read more about me.