Cannabis Plants – How to plant, grow and care (Exclusive Tips)

Are you thinking of having a Cannabis Plants at your garden or indoors? I am sharing a few tips on how to plant, grow, and care Cannabis Plants. You can plant a cannabis plant indoor as well as outdoors.

Cannabis Plant

Cannabis Plant

Cannabis is a versatile plant that can grow in many different climates. Cannabis plant is an annual plant that loves the sun. Cannabis has reproductive organs. Male stamens and female pistils usually occur on different cannabis plants. In the presence of pollen from a male, the female will begin to produce seeds. In rare cases where sexual characteristics share a plant, it is known as a hermaphrodite.

Cannabis grown from seed begins with germination, a process by which the seed “sprouts” and is nourished as a raw material, which can vary from soil to rock wool. At this stage, the plant is considered a seedling.

For consistency, some growers start with clones, which are cut from a cannabis “parent plant” that has been kept in a vegetative state. The clones are genetic copies of the parent plant and will exhibit more predictable growth and flowering patterns, as well as cannabinoid and terpene profiles if grown under the same conditions.

Growing Cannabis Plant

Growing Cannabis Indoors

  • Growing Cannabis Plant indoors is much more private than outdoors and you also have more control over-cultivation.
  • An indoor cannabis crop can be surprisingly inexpensive to start and maintain, especially if you plan on growing just a few plants.
  • Take a look at some comprehensive indoor cultivation journals to get an idea of ​​how much you can expect to harvest in different types of indoor environments.
  • You have more control over everything in an indoor growing environment, which means that indoor cultivators can consistently produce moist buds. However, this wet cannabis growing power comes with additional responsibility.
  • As an indoor grower, your plants depend 100% on your care to survive. If you don’t provide essential nutrients as plants need, plants will die.
  • You should also consider the temperature of your growing space and remember that your temperature will rise as soon as the growing lights are on. Since temperatures are important, it is best to have some control over the temperature of your growing place.
  • When growing inside, the light emits heat. Generally, the more powerful the lights, the more heat they emit.
Cannabis Plant caring tips

Growing Cannabis Outdoors

  • Growing Cannabis Plant outdoors is cheaper to start with, as you don’t need to have growing lights or create a growing area indoors, although you have to worry about privacy/discretion, possible pollination, and people stealing your plants, insects, deer, and other unexpected exteriors visitors.
  • However, if you choose the right variety and live in a good environment, it can be much more economical to grow outdoors, since you don’t have to supply everything for your plants. The sun will do much of the expensive work, providing free growth light.
  • Of course, when growing outdoors, it is not always possible to control the environment perfectly. If it is dry, you will need to water your plants. If it rains a lot, you need to protect your plants from excess water.
  • When it comes to temperatures, a good rule of thumb for cannabis plants is that if it’s too hot for you, it’s probably too hot for your plants. And, like humans, cannabis plants can die if exposed to the cold or very high temperatures.
  • Therefore, if you know it will be very hot or cold where you live, you may need to take extra measures to protect your plants from the elements, such as installing a small greenhouse.

Cannabis Plant Care

To take care of your cannabis plants, your cannabis plant required following things like:

  • Light: Whether you use sunlight or cultivation lights, you must understand the light needs of a cannabis plant to obtain the best quality of buds and crop. It is best that your plants receive direct sunlight at least from 10 am to 4 pm, and more light is better. Due to the cannabis plant’s great light needs (it needs more light than many other types of plants), it is not suitable for growing in a window, many growers start their seeds in sunny windows before they move in your plants to a more suitable final location.
  • Cultivation Medium: The material on which the plants grow; the floor is not your only option! If you have limited soil options, choose an organic potting mix that is usually available in some form in the gardening section of any large store. As long as you use good cannabis nutrients, a regular organic potting mix will work perfectly.
  • Air: Well ventilated with good air exchange and a light breeze are better.
  • Temperature: A good rule of thumb for cannabis plants is that if it’s too hot for you, it’s probably too hot for your plants. Like humans, cannabis plants can die if exposed to extreme temperatures.
  • Nutrients: Even if you started with modified soil, you will need to start adding nutrients as soon as you reach the flowering/sprouting stage, as cannabis plants are highly nutritious and your plants will have already consumed most of the soil nutrients for when budding begins. You can buy pre-formulated foods that you just added to your water, or you can compost your own soil mix in such a way that it already includes all the nutrients you need.
  • Water: Like all plants and living things, cannabis needs water to survive and grow. Cannabis plants use a lot of water and, regardless of the type of setting you are using, make sure you have enough. Water acts as a vehicle for dissolved nutrients and minerals and is absorbed by the roots before spreading to the rest of the cannabis plant. It also cools the plant, fills the cells to keep it structurally healthy and is necessary for photosynthesis.

Cannabis Plant leaves turning yellow

The leaves of the cannabis plant turn yellow for the following reasons:

  • PH is too high or low at the roots

Cannabis plants have a hard time absorbing nutrients when the pH is low, resulting in nutrient deficiencies, even if the nutrients are actually present near the roots. Symptoms appear as yellow leaves or other oddly colored leaves.

  • Poor watering

It is much more common to water cannabis plants than water. Strange problem and symptoms of poor water practice, including yellowing. When over-watered, the leaves look “fat” and swollen with water. Often, you will have the feeling that you can over water the plant, especially if it is a small plant in a large container. When watered, the leaves tend to look “paper” and thin because they have no water inside.

  • Nitrogen deficiency

Cannabis plants tend to be lime or pale green, although the leaves look healthy without streaks or spots. The yellow leaves of cannabis tend to appear at the bottom of the plant. The yellow leaves are soft and tear easily (in fact, they usually fall on their own). If your leaves of cannabis seem too hard or difficult to uproot, this means that it is not a nitrogen deficiency.

  • Iron deficiencies

Iron deficiencies are unique, as yellowing always affects the most recent growth; this is not the case for older cannabis leaves that are already green. The new leaves are usually yellow in color. Unlike most other nutrient deficiencies that cause yellowing, the yellow leaves of an iron deficiency usually turn green, starting at the outer edges and working inward.

  • Insects or pests

Many different types of insects or pests can stress your plants and cause them to develop yellow leaves. In fact, you can see insects or eggs on the parts of your cannabis plant. Yellowish leaves, especially when combined with spots or bite marks.

Cannabis Plant leaves turning white

The whitish appears more on the upper leaves of the cannabis plant closer to the light. The whitish leaves do not come out easily, even if the entire leaf is dead. A light burn usually takes a few weeks to develop and is most common after the cannabis plant has passed the sixth week of its flowering stage (when the plants are not producing many new leaves to replace old ones).

Burning cannabis light generally affects the upper leaves closest to the growing light, rather than affecting the plant evenly. An excessive amount of copper can cause chlorosis in the cannabis plant. Chlorosis usually causes creamy or white spots or lesions.

A whitish color can also appear on the cannabis plant in the form of whitish spots due to excessive calcium absorption.

Cannabis plant leaves turning black

Color changes in plants are highly dependent on the climate. Cannabis plants grown in warm Mediterranean climates tend to be bright green in color.

However, plants grown in colder climates begin to produce compounds that make them purple. The compounds behind these phenomena are anthocyanin, which acts as a natural antifreeze for grass. This antifreeze helps the plant to retain water, which escapes from the leaves as it forms ice crystals between the leaf cells.

The colder the growing climate, the more anthocyanin you will get. Well, cannabis anthocyanin is the same compound found in plants like black rice, eggplant, black/blue tomatoes. The leaves of the cannabis plant turn black with the highest anthocyanin concentration.

Environmental conditions and genetics interact to regulate color. Cold climates encourage your plants to create more anthocyanin, although some strains are better able to create this compound than others. For example, certain strains like Black produce deep purple leaves and buds, almost black in almost any environment.

Black hybrids can generate a wide range of colors, from purple to reddish and even white. In order for the offspring to remain black, they must inherit a recessive gene from each parent plant. PH plays an important role in whether or not these compounds cause a lighter red/pink color or a dark, almost black color. Cannabis plants naturally like soil that is slightly acidic.

If you want a black color on your cannabis plant for beautification, adopt these practices to get a black color on your plant:

Place it in bright light and keep the growing environment pleasant and fresh: Make sure your pH is closer to neutral while still at the ideal pH for growing cannabis. Don’t over water: To keep the color black, avoid hybridization with a non-black strain. Your plants are likely to start expressing their color during flowering as the grass ages.

How long does a Cannabis plant live

grow Cannabis Plant

Cannabis is an annual plant and usually only lives for one season. This varies between five and ten months. However, most varieties (except equatorial ones) are sensitive to the photoperiod. This means that they bloom based on the number of hours of uninterrupted darkness. If there are no long periods of uninterrupted darkness, the plant will not flower.

For example, a plant kept in a living room or kitchen, where the lights are likely to be turned on at night, can grow vegetatively for years.

Cannabis is the only annual with male and female flowers on separate plants. All other dioecious plants (i.e., genus), including their cousin, hops, are perennial. Cannabis was probably originally a short-lived perennial.

As the climate change from subtropical to more temperate in the foothills of the Himalayas, where it originated, it adapted to annual. In some tropical and subtropical areas, there are still cannabis plants that live for several seasons. They bloom each fall and then enter a period of slow growth. When spring arrives, they grow back vegetatively and flower again in the fall.

Cannabis plant not growing

Cannabis plants are not growing due to the following reason:

  • The seeds are old or poor quality

Old seeds don’t just take time to germinate. Cannabis Plants grown from aged seeds can also grow slowly at times. In addition, good genetics is essential for healthy and vigorous growth from seed to harvest. A random seed bag will not work as well as quality seeds obtained from a reliable seed bank so it affects your germination.

  • Clone stress

Sometimes, cuttings do not take root well, hindering growth. To prevent this from happening, apply a little rooting hormone immediately after taking your seedlings.

Also, make sure that your environment encourages root growth. The medium should be moist (but not too moist) with a pH level of approximately 6.0. Keep your seedlings at a temperature close to 22ºC. If they get too cold, they will not take root, and if it is too hot, the roots will die.

  • Root health

When your plant’s roots are unable to obtain sufficient oxygen, metabolic functions decrease. In some cases, a lack of oxygen can stop your growth completely. A common reason for this is excess water or the use of poorly drained substrates.

  • Plants are not obtaining enough light

Although requirements may vary from strain to strain, light is a critical factor in the development of all cannabis plants. The lack of a “good” light can absolutely lead to slower growth. If you grow indoors and suspect that your plants are not getting enough light, try to close the distance between the bulbs and the top of the plants. If growing outdoors in pots, move your plants to a sunnier location.     

  • The plants are getting a lot of light

Any type of stress on your cannabis plants, including many hours of continuous exposure to direct sunlight, can also stop or slow growth. If you are growing indoors and suspect that exposure to light is the source of stress, decrease the intensity or move the lamps out of the canopy, if possible. Know that seedlings are particularly sensitive to bright light! If you are growing outdoors and are able to do so, move your plants to a place where light diffuses, such as around a shady tree.     

  • Incorrect light spectrum

The speed and intensity with which the plants grow are influenced by the spectrum of light they receive. Make sure you use the right type of light for each stage of growth. For healthy vegetative growth, you want cooler light with more blue in its spectrum, the so-called “plant light”. Lights with a warmer reddish spectrum are used for the flowering stage.     

  • Excess irrigation

Excess water is one of the most common mistakes that new cannabis growers make. It is like suffocating plants and one of the main reasons behind slow growth, nutrient deficiencies, root rot, fungi and many other problems. Do not water very often and do not water at a fixed time. It is best to water less often so that the soil dries out between watering. A good way to check whether or not to water is to raise the pot. If it looks light enough, it’s time to water again.

  • Insufficient nutrients

Although not as common as overfeeding cannabis plant, insufficient amount of nutrient for healthy growth may be the reason for slow growth. Know that the nutrients found in most commercial potting mixes only last 3-4 weeks; then you will have to administer some top quality nutrients.

  • Incorrect pH level

The incorrect pH level of your nutrient solution is one of the most common reasons for cannabis growing problems, including slow growth. The reason for this is that cannabis thrives only in a relatively small window of adequate pH values. If the pH is wrong, plants cannot absorb nutrients, even if they are present.    

  • Stress caused by pest/diseases

Insects, pests and diseases can cause damage and compromise a plant’s immune system. At best, your plant can survive, but will have low yields. At worst, your plants can die. Insects can feed on leaves, affecting the plant’s ability to retain water and perspire.

Other pests can damage the roots or cause additional problems. Whenever your plant is sick or infested with insects, it will spend most of its energy defending itself and recovering from damage, reducing growth.

Cannabis plant not growing after transplant

Cannabis plant not growing
Cannabis Plant

Cannabis plants do not grow well after transplanting due to changes in temperature, soil or growing conditions. Be it shrubs or trees, all plants are impacted by the transplant when they are moved from place to place. However, the effects of the shock may vary depending on its severity.

Some plants may fall only slightly, while others may completely wilt, yellow or, in the worst case, die. The greater the difference between a plant’s old and new environment, the more severe the impact of the transplant will be. The transplant also causes disturbances in the root system of a plant. If not done carefully, it can damage healthy roots.

In most cases, plants gradually recover from the impact of the transplant on their own. However, help speed up the process by taking the following steps:

  • Trim the plants
    • Trimming the foliage will reduce stress and loss of moisture and nutrients.
    • It will also help the plant to focus and use its energy to develop roots.
  • Water regularly
    • Do not let the soil of your newly transplanted cannabis plants dry out.     
    • Water the plant regularly, but just enough to keep the soil moist.
    • Be careful not to over water.
    • Also, make sure that the new soil and the new pot have good drainage; newly transplanted plants should never be left in soaked growth medium or standing water.
  • Give time and care
    • Most plants recover their stress, from the impact of the transplant. But that does not mean that you should leave them alone.
    • In fact, you need to pay special attention to newly transplanted plants and make sure they are getting the right amount of water, sun and nutrients.
    • Adding additional perlite to loosen the soil will also help the new plants adjust to the new environment.
    • When replanting a cannabis plant, experts recommend using containers 3 to 5 times larger than the previous ones.
    • Also, keep young plants protected from pests as they are susceptible to them.

Cannabis plant not growing branches

Few varieties of cannabis do not grow branches like Cannabis ruderalis for plants that are small (usually less than 0.5 m), smooth and hollow stems, occasionally unbranched. Cannabis in the vegetative phase, the lengthening of the stem is accelerated and the distance from the internodes increases.

The stem does not normally branch, it is usually hollow at maturity and its surface is usually striated or striated and covered by a thin scabious layer. The root system is vigorous and centered by a main root, with sides. The inflorescences men are small panicles cmosicas branched.

The female flowers are axillary and terminal, the inflorescence tends to branchless and grow more compact and thick.

Cannabis plant does not growing straight

If your cannabis plant is not growing straight, the following are the reasons behind it:           

  • Lot of water
  • Seed or plant propagating part are not buried more deeply
  • Inadequate lighting

You can straighten your plant out by doing something that helps support it. Add more soil that will cover the stem to the point that it can stand alone. Add adequate water and light to the cannabis plant.

Cannabis plant how often to water

You need to maintain the proper water balance from the start – before your seed germinates, even in a seedling. Since the seeds have no roots, they will die if they dry out, but they will also drown if there is too much water.

When it comes to watering your cannabis plants, some factors will determine how much and how often you should water. These factors include the size of the plant, the size of the container your plant grows in, the crown, the level of the roots, and the temperature of the growing media.

A good rule of thumb is to wait until the soil is dry (but not completely) and then water long enough to last until the next scheduled watering. The total numbers may also vary. It is based on the size of the plant, the temperature, the composition of your soil or substrate, the properties of the water you are using, and the capacity of your air filtration systems.

As your plants mature, the environment becomes warmer and less humid, and the plants will need more airflow and additional water. Large leaves expand the area in which evaporation can occur. The metabolic process is activated by heat and the moisture from perspiration disappears, which makes plants sweat more. Therefore, larger plants generally need more water than smaller plants.

You should also be aware that larger containers will not need to be watered as much and that plants in the final stages of the flowering phase consume less water and therefore needless. In terms of outside temperature, you should water more during hot weather, but if the humidity level is high, you should not water that much.

Cannabis plant growing tips

How much light do cannabis plants need

Light is an essential part of the growth of the cannabis plant. Inadequate lighting can seriously impair the plant’s ability to grow and, most importantly, maximize the production of flower buds. However, excess light can result in visible burns (color changes), causing damage to the plant and deteriorating its general health (and consequently the bud production).

The exact amount of light you should provide your plants and how it should be distributed generally depends on several factors. When selecting crop lights, you need to carefully consider things like the size of the canopy area, the power required per square meter and how the light will be optimized.

Light during vegetative growth: The seedling or clone leads to the vegetative stage.

Give 18 to 24 hours of light a day indoors

Light during flowering stage: The flowering stage (budding) leads to the harvest

Give at least 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness each day (short days). Most indoor growers give their cannabis plants 18-24 hours of light a day during the growing season. The exact number of hours required to keep a plant in the vegetative stage depends on the variety, but more than 18 hours a day will basically keep all cannabis plants in the vegetative stage.

Cannabis plant brown spots on leaves

Brown spots can appear on the cannabis plant due to the following reasons;

  • Magnesium deficiency appears first at the edges of the leaves; the leaves appear burnt, while some have brown spots or an irregular pattern.  
  • Many producers ignore algae growth because it seems harmless. However, if growth becomes excessive, it can be fatal for plants. The leaves turn yellow and brown, with dark spots.
  • Gray mold or rot of the buds is a fungal disease that can kill an entire cannabis plant. The stems are brown and soft. Stems can rot and lose rigidity; forms a brownish gray mass covered by fungal spores.
  • The root rot is a disease that attacks the root of cannabis plants. Due to the underlying conditions, plant roots may already be weak. The leaves have burnt brown spots.

Cannabis plant bug spray

Unfortunately, bugs and other garden pests can totally ruin your cannabis plant. You can control insects by adopting organic pesticides such as:

  • Essential oils

Essential oils, such as peppermint, rosemary, cloves or cinnamon that many of us use in an oil diffuser, can be effective against insects.

  • Insecticidal soap

Insecticidal soap is a safe and common organic pesticide. It should be used sparingly to avoid a burn effect, but it can kill enough scale insects.

  • Tobacco based pesticide

Nicotine, the active ingredient in tobacco plants, is the most effective insecticide for plants. Producers use it all over the world. It is also a very affordable solution.

Cannabis plant growing temperature

In general, cannabis plants grow best at temperatures between 70 and 85°F (20-30°C) during the day. Producers tend to agree that the ideal temperature is around 25°C (or about 75°F). At night, cannabis plants like slightly lower temperatures, around 17-20°C (62-68°F). High temperatures are often less of a concern than low temperatures, as cannabis plants rarely die from too much heat.

However, temperatures above 30 ° C will cause your plants to grow more slowly, as the enzymes involved in photosynthesis cannot function properly. In addition to the atrophy, heat also attracts pests and diseases. Dust mites and powdery mildew, for example, tend to thrive in hot conditions.

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I hope this article gives enough ideas on how to plant, grow, and care Cannabis Plants and it answers below questions related to caring for a cannabis plant.

  • Cannabis Plant leaves turning yellow
  • Cannabis Plant leaves turning white
  • Cannabis plant leaves turning black
  • How long does a Cannabis plant live
  • Cannabis plant not growing
  • Cannabis plant not growing after transplant
  • Cannabis plant not growing branches
  • Cannabis plant does not growing straight
  • Cannabis plant how often to water
  • How much light do cannabis plants need
  • Cannabis plant brown spots on leaves
  • Cannabis plant bug spray
  • Cannabis plant growing temperature