Want to grow an Apricot tree? Check out the Apricot tree care and growing tips in this detailed guide.
The fleshy, yellow-orange fruit is believed to have been originally grown in China, from where it reached the Mediterranean and then America (where the fruit thrives today). The leaves are oval, 5 to 9 cm (2.0 to 3.5 inches) long and 4 to 8 cm (1.6 to 3.1 inches) wide, with a rounded base, pointed tip and a thin margin serrated.
The flowers are 2-4.5 cm (0.8-1.8 in.) In diameter, with five white to pink petals; they are produced individually or in pairs in early spring, before the leaves. The fruit is a drupe similar to a small peach, 1.5 to 2.5 cm (0.6 to 1.0 in.) In diameter (larger in some modern cultivars), from yellow to orange, often tinged with red on the side most exposed to the sun; its surface can be smooth (botanically described as: glabrous) or velvety with very short hair (botanically: pubescent).
The pulp is usually firm and not very juicy. Its flavor can vary from sweet to sour. The only seed is wrapped in a hard, stony bark, often called “stone” or “core”, with a smooth and grainy texture, except for three streaks that descend on one side.
What are good Apricots for
What are the benefits of Apricots? There are lots of benefits of Apricots, check below 14 benefits of Apricots,
#1- Apricots improve digestive health
The fruit’s soluble fiber promotes healthy bowel movement by adding volume to the stool. Fiber also breaks down fatty acids quickly, which improves digestion. The fiber in the fruit also treats other digestive problems, such as constipation and bloating.
#2- Help in the treatment of diabetes
Apricots are low in calories and carbohydrates (a fruit contains only 17 calories and 4 grams of carbohydrates), and this is good news for diabetics. They can be part of a diabetes diet. And the fiber they contain can regulate blood sugar levels.
#3- Helps fight inflammation
Not only the fruit, but also the seeds are effective in relieving inflammation. In fact, an animal study establishes how apricot stone oil extract protects against ulcerative colitis, which is an inflammatory bowel disease.
#4- Improve eyesight
Regular fruit intake has been linked to a lower risk of vision loss. But most importantly, apricots are rich in carotenoids and xanthophyll, nutrients that researchers believe can prevent age-related vision problems. They also contain vitamin A, another important nutrient for the eyes. Also called retinol, it prevents age-related macular degeneration. California produces about 95% of US apricots.
#5- Apricots prevent liver damage
According to studies, apricots can protect against liver damage and relieve symptoms of fatty liver disease (accumulation of fat in the liver). More interestingly, organic apricots have been shown to be effective in promoting liver regeneration.
#6- Protect the heart
The potassium in the fruit can lower blood pressure levels and therefore can prevent heart attacks. And the fiber in the fruit lowers cholesterol levels and prevents diseases related to the heart, such as atherosclerosis.
#7- Apricots help with weight loss and metabolism
Fiber makes this obvious: it can keep us satisfied for long periods and it definitely contributes to healthy weight loss. There is another science connected to this: the nutrients in apricots stimulate certain brain cells that make us feel full and control our appetite.
#8- Improves bone health
Apricots are also rich in calcium, the mineral important for bone health and development. Most importantly, potassium is also important for proper absorption and even distribution of calcium, and apricots are also rich in potassium.
#9- Treat anemia
Apricots are also a good source of iron, which helps to treat anemia. Iron improves hemoglobin production and also improves blood quality.
#10- Can be beneficial during pregnancy
Apricots are very nutritious, reason enough to consume them during pregnancy. They are also rich in iron and copper, two nutrients that are especially important during pregnancy.
#11- Apricots delay the signs of aging
A scrub made from apricot stones helps to remove old and dead cells from the skin’s surface and allows new cells to grow again. This exfoliating action helps to eliminate lines and expression lines, removing damaged cells from the skin surface.
#12- Treat skin diseases
Rich in vitamins C and A, apricot oil is ideal for sensitive skin. Its anti-inflammatory properties are effective in the treatment of skin diseases, such as dermatitis and eczema.
#13- Apricot stone oil can stimulate hair growth
Vitamin E in apricot oil helps in healthy hair growth and prevents hair loss. This vitamin, in combination with fatty acids, acts as a preservative preventing damage from free radicals.
#14- Treat scalp problems
Apricot stone oil contains vitamins A and E, which help with skin health and repair. Therefore, it is an excellent home remedy for problems such as dry scalp, psoriasis, dandruff and eczema. This oil restores moisture to dry or flaky scalp or dry and dull hair.
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Are Apricots easy to Grow
Apricots trees are easy to grow. They prefer lower temperatures. They grow better and are more productive in the northern part of the United States. They are not the cute treasures you can imagine – many modern cultivars have been developed to safely harvest in colder climates. They can be grown as fans, shrubs or pyramid trees; there are even dwarf varieties for a planter in the yard.
Cover the apricots with horticultural wool or transparent polyethylene supported on bamboo poles, to protect the flower from frost. Wool or polyethylene must not touch flowers. Eliminate this during the day to allow sunlight and pollinating insects to reach the plant.
Manual pollination increases yields over several days, ideally around noon on a dry, sunny day, using a soft brush or cotton swab. Lightly spray the tree with water to ensure that the pollen sticks, but to allow the flowers to dry out before dark.
Heavy crops should be thinned about 3-4 inches (8-10.5 cm) when the fruit is the size of hazelnuts. Start by eliminating the evil in the form of fruits and those that grow towards the wall. Frequently water newly planted trees as they set in the first spring and summer, and before the drought begins, when mature trees may also need watering.
This is particularly important when the fruit starts to swell. Feed granular fertilizers like Grow more at 70 g per square meter (2.5 ounces per square meter) in late February. Cover the root area with a 2-inch (5.1 cm) layer of very rotten manure in March and early April.
Where do Apricots grow best
Where do Apricots grow best? Apricot is grown all over the world, mainly in Armenia, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Morocco and France, but grows best on California land, with 9,400 acres planted, the largest production in the country, representing about 95% of total US production.
Apricots are grown mainly in Stanislaus, San Joaquin and Merced counties throughout the San Joaquin valley in California.
However, some are grown for distribution of fresh produce in Contra Costa and San Benito counties and in the Santa Clara Valley (Norton and Coates 2012). In 2013, 54.4 thousand tons were produced in California, of which 49% went to the fresh market, 30% to canning, 18% to drying and the rest to concentrated juice processing.
Do you need 2 Apricot trees to produce fruit
Do you need 2 Apricot trees to produce fruit? Yes. Gardeners who want to grow fruit trees that produce an edible crop may have to plant at least two trees of different varieties next to each other so that the plants can cross-pollinate. Pollination occurs by wind, birds, and beneficial insects.
However, some types of fruit trees are fruit trees and do not need to reproduce with other plants. Apricots belong to the self-fertile category, so they do not need another plant to reproduce.
How long does it take to grow an Apricot tree
You will not have to wait long to harvest fruit from an apricot tree. They usually start to bear fruit in the second year, but you won’t get many apricots until your trees are three to four years old. Apricot requires three to four years to grow like a tree.
Those early years are when the tree is growing in foliage. You don’t want the tree to bear fruit because fruit production will weaken the rest of the tree’s growth in the early years. If you notice the appearance of flowers, remove them to prevent them from bearing fruit.
You can expect a yield of one to two bushels from a mature dwarf cultivar 8 to 10 feet tall and three to four bushels from a standard tree 18 to 20 feet tall.
Can you grow an Apricot tree from a seed
Can you grow an Apricot tree from a seed? Yes. You can also grow an apricot tree from seed easily but the fruit may not have the same sweetness or coloring as the original fruit, and the tree may not be as resistant to cold or resistant to common diseases.
But don’t let that stop you from trying, as growing an apricot tree from seed can surprise you with a healthy and fruitful tree and perhaps a whole new crop.
Growing Apricots from seeds
Apricot seeds need a little preparation before planting to ensure successful germination. First, clean each stone in cold water to remove any sticky, sugary residue from the fruit. Then let them dry on a paper towel for a day or two.
Apricot seeds are found inside the core. The hole serves to protect the interior of the seed and is so thick and hard that it sometimes prevents germination. Breaking the bone lightly with a nutcracker or pliers will help the seeds to sprout; just be careful not to completely break the seed, as this will damage the embryo.
Apply enough pressure to open a small crack at the edge.
Apricot seeds need a cold period to finish ripening before germinating. This is a process called post-ripening and is achieved by exposing the seeds to temperatures of 40 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit for two to three months. The cooling-off period can be done in several different ways, but two methods are the easiest for home gardeners.
Simply wrap the seeds in moist sphagnum moss or paper towels and place in a jar of jam inside the refrigerator for two to three months. Alternatively, you can sow the seeds in pots and place them outside during the winter months for Mother Nature to cool for you.
Squirrels and other rodents love apricot seeds, so it is best to sow them in containers instead of directly in the garden.
Start the seeds in individual 1-quart pots filled with soil-less potting mix. The soilless potting mix is sterile, which means that the seeds are less likely to rot. Sow the seeds 2.5 to 5 centimeters deep or at a depth equal to one to two times the length of the hole. Water the seeds lightly after sowing to set the soil mixture around them.
To start sowing the apricot seed, choose a delicious type of apricot from the middle or last season, preferably one that has been grown from the seed itself. Eat the fruit; In fact, eat some to increase the chances of germination and save your bones.
Rub the meat and place it in a newspaper for about three hours to dry. Now you need to get the seed out of the hole. Use a hammer carefully on the side of the hole to break it. You can also use a nutcracker or vise.
If purchased from a grocery store, the fruit has already been stored cold, making it less likely that you will need to layer it; but if you bought them at a farmers’ market or harvested them directly from a tree, you need to stratify the seeds.
If the seeds are not to be stratified, wrap them in clean, damp paper towels and place in a plastic bag next to a window. Keep an eye on this. Water as needed to keep it moist and change the paper towel if it starts to mold.
How often do you water Apricot trees
Water the soil around the base of the apricot tree to a depth of 6 feet. Fill the tree basin with 10 cm of water once a week. It takes between 10.8 and 16,875 inches of water to reach a depth of 6 feet in clay soil, and it takes 1 gallon of water per square foot to reach a depth of 12 inches.
Therefore, 64.8 gallons and 101.25 gallons of water per square foot are needed to irrigate the soil to a depth of 6 feet. Sandy or stony soils require less water, approximately 30 to 40 gallons.
Change your watering schedule unless the weather is extremely hot or the tree is showing signs of water stress, such as withered or wilted leaves during the summer. Unless conditions are extreme, the tree should not be watered deeply more than four times a month.
What is the best fertilizer for Apricot trees
Adding compost or other organic matter like well-rotten manure or chopped leaves to the soil covers all of these growing needs, improving soil structure, creating more consistent soil moisture levels, and adding important nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus.
For best results, 3 to 4 inches of organic matter incorporated in the 20 to 30 cm of soil at the time of planting establish a good base for these trees.
Organic cover material, such as wood chips, bark chips or shredded bark, spread in a 4-inch-thick layer around the apricot tree provides the best results. However, keep the mulch 30 centimeters from the apricot tree’s trunk, as constant contact with the tree’s surface can cause fungal diseases and rot.
The exact amount of fertilizer that the apricot tree needs varies depending on its size. For every centimeter in diameter of the apricot tree trunk, the tree needs 0.10 pounds of nitrogen. Therefore, a juvenile apricot tree that has a trunk with a diameter of 3 inches requires 0.3 pounds of nitrogen.
To calculate the amount of complete and balanced fertilizer to be used, gardeners check the first number in the proportion of three numbers on the fertilizer label, which is their percentage of nitrogen. For example, a 10-15-10 fertilizer means that each pound contains 10 percent nitrogen, or 0.10 pound.
Therefore, an apricot tree with a diameter of 3 inches needs 0.3 pounds of nitrogen and therefore 3 pounds of 10-15-10 fertilizer.
How do you Propagate Apricot trees
How do you Propagate Apricot trees? Try to root and cultivate the apricot branches by taking several seedlings in late winter and early spring. Choose apricot cuttings that are 23 centimeters or more and have some leaves. Make a clean cut with a sharp knife right in the trunk of the tree where the branch first grows from the trunk.
Combine 3 parts of peat and 1 part of sand in large clay pots with drainage holes at the bottom. Place the pots on top of a tray full of stones. Keep these pots in a warm, sunny place and take them inside during the winter months, if possible. Plenty of water. Drill holes in the middle of the plantation with a stick where you will place the apricot branches.
Remove the leaves from the bottom of the apricot branches; do not put leaves in the peat and sand mixture. Make small cuts in the bark of the branch that will be below the surface. Make the cuts in a “T” shape. Peel the 1/4 inch crust.
Place the branches in the holes in the growing medium. Mix a water-balanced fertilizer according to the package instructions and spray the growing medium to feed the apricot branches. Do not spray the branches directly.
A balanced fertilizer will have the same three numbers on the package, such as 10-10-10. Let the branches live in the growth medium of the pots for a year. Keep the medium moist and check once a day.
Sprinkle some fertilizer in the culture medium once every two weeks. Move the jars of live apricot branches out the following spring. Transplant young trees in a sunny location with well-drained soil for best results.
How to grow an Apricot tree from a cutting
How to grow an Apricot tree from a cutting? The most surefire way to propagate new apricot trees from your existing specimens is to cut them down. The spread of the cut is best handled in the fall, while the leaves are still clinging to the tree or while it is dormant in winter.
Grab your seedlings as soon as possible before planting and keep the new seedlings moist so they stay healthy and strong until you can put them in the soil.
Use pruning pliers to cut a section of the tree on the bias, creating a new cut 15 to 23 centimeters long and as large as a standard pencil.
Select cuttings that include at least three or four armpits or leaf buds. If the bottom half of the new cut has leaves, remove them, but let the leaves of the top half of the cut get stuck. You can check the color and texture of these leaves when you need to check the health of your newly propagated apricot seedlings.
If you are not going to plant it immediately, wrap the bottom of the seedlings in damp paper towels and then wrap them in a plastic bag that can be sealed. Keep the cuttings in partial shade or, if the cuttings have no foliage, you can choose the sun.
When planting, moisten the open end of the seedling and dip it in the rooting hormone powder. Then, bury the branch several inches deep in a pot full of fresh, moist sand or peat. Constantly water the newly propagated apricot trees until they start to produce new growth in the spring.
What soil do Apricots like
Apricots like to live in well-drained clay soils with a depth of at least 1.5 m. The recommended spacing between the lines is between 5 m and 6 m, while the space between the rows must be 4 m.
After plowing the soil, use a disc harrow to produce a relatively smooth and well-prepared surface. The planting holes should be about 300 mm x 300 mm and 500 mm deep.
To avoid shock, plant young trees when they are in deep dormancy (mid-June to mid-July). Subsequent sowing will result in poor growth.
How tall does an Apricot tree grow
- If you want the apricot to grow taller, reduce its diameter by pruning. Prune to remove all diseased, dead and broken branches.
- Remove vertical, fast-growing branches called water buds.
- Remove shoots that grow from the roots below the ground, called shoots.
- Remove the branches that cross and rub against each other.
- Remove branches with V-shaped branches, called crotches; the narrow branches of the groin do not support the weight of the fruit.
- Do not prune more than one third of the total tree each year.
- Love it just above a growing bud or level it off with a main branch or trunk.
- It can prune in the dry summer, when diseases are latent. Apricots are more susceptible to bacterial cancer when pruned in winter; the disease can enter the plant through pruning cuts.
Can you transplant an Apricot tree
Apricot trees can develop an extensive root system over the years, so moving and transplanting an established apricot tree can lead to transplant shock if done while the tree is actively growing in the warmer months.
However, an apricot tree comes out of dormancy in early spring, so transplant an apricot tree soon after it loses its leaves in late autumn, rather than in the middle of winter, when it is safe to transplant other fruit trees.
Decide how much of the apricot root base will be dug up with the apricot. You will have to dig a root 1 foot in diameter by 1 inch in diameter in the thickness of the apricot tree trunk. For example, if the trunk is 2 inches in diameter, you will need to dig a root that is 2 feet in diameter.
Deeply water the apricot tree a day or two before planning to remove it from its current location. Find a new location to transplant the apricot that has sun and drainage conditions similar to the original location.
Dig a circle around the base of the apricot tree root that has the correct diameter for the diameter of the apricot tree trunk. Push the blade of the shovel down and as deeply as you can, cutting the roots of the tree.
Then loosen the tree by digging under the root base at least to the recommended distance, but dig deeper to get more out of the root system if you can. Add a layer of 5 cm of mulch around the base root of newly planted apricot tree to conserve moisture.
Leave a 2.5 cm gap between the mulch and the apricot tree to prevent diseases from spreading from the mulch to the tree.
How to grow Apricots from stone
There are three options for planting the apricot stone: the stone remains as is, is pre-treated or the hard peel is removed from the stone. If you plant the stone as it is, the germination process will take longer, as the offspring will have to break through the hard shell of the stone with their own efforts. It is also possible to scrape the stone with sandpaper for preparation.
In this way, the seed will be able to absorb water better, germinating more quickly and cracking the hard shell more easily. The third possibility is to break the stone and plant the seed in the shape of an almond directly in the soil. If you are thinking of planting the stone and not just the seed, it is good to put the stone in the refrigerator for a week: this will speed up the germination process.
With apricot stones, you need a little patience. It may take up to a year for the first green tips to appear. When they are finally visible, place the pot in a clear spot. Note that you need to water the small plant and protect it from direct sunlight.
How deep to plant Apricot seeds
The general rule is to plant apricot seeds at a depth equal to two to three times their width. It is better to plant apricot seeds that are too shallow than too deep. Seedlings are delicate creatures. They need daily attention and a lot of love, especially when they are young.
If you cannot monitor the apricot seedlings daily, checking germination, soil moisture, temperature and lights, you will certainly reduce your chances of success. Seedlings do not survive abandonment.
Do Apricots produce every year
Do Apricots produce every year? No, Apricots have an alternative meaning, like avocados, they do not produce fruit every year. Sometimes every two years and, at times, every three years. And then there’s the rain equation. Apricots bloom in early February and March, the peak of the rainy season in normal years. A good rain will knock down the flowers and no flower is equal to any fruit.
- If you only had one crop of fruit, try to remember where on the branch you picked that fruit and it will make a big difference in how you prune.
- If you have a tree with tips, do not prune the tips for 1 year. The fruit grows on 1-year-old wood.
- If you have a central tree with branches, prune the year-old tips to the fatty buds that will bear fruit.
- If you have a tree that bears fruit at the base of the branch, prune two-thirds of the tips at the age of one.
How tall does an Apricot tree grow
How tall does an Apricot tree grow? A standard full-size apricot can reach 6 to 9 meters in height. Standard varieties of space 20 to 25 feet apart. Dwarf apricots can be 12 to 15 feet tall; space dwarf trees 12 to 15 feet away.
Do Apricot trees lose their leaves in winter
Do Apricot trees lose their leaves in winter? Yes, Apricots and other fruit trees are deciduous, lose all leaves in late autumn and remain bare during winter. So, if your tree is losing leaves at the end of the season, don’t worry, but if it happens at other times of the year, something is wrong with the tree’s health.
The most common problems affecting the health of apricot trees usually manifest themselves in the state of the leaves. These problems include:
- Lack of water causes wilting and loss of leaves.
- Incorrect fertilization results in yellowing or other discoloration of the leaves.
- Shot hole disease creates holes in the leaves and then causes them to fall off the tree.
- Red spiders weave thin webs on leaves that later turn yellow and fall off.
Hot weather can burn the leaves, turn yellow and fall.
I hope all these tips will help to grow and care Apricot tree.
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